VII. Further Elucidation of Three Immaculate Precepts and Six Paramitas
Hye Ka: As I am concerned, in order to attain the Buddha-Tao a student must practice the three immaculate precepts and six perfections. Why do you say to uphold only the dharma of watching the mind?
Without keeping the precepts, how can one attain the Buddhahood?
Bodhidharma: Three immaculate precepts mean eliminating the three poisonous minds. When one poisonous mind is eliminate, an immeasurable bundle of the good will be completed.
Three of them together mean if one could eliminate all three poisonous minds, then, the three immeasurable goodness could be gathered together in the mind.
Six perfections (in Sanskrit it means Paramita; in Chinese it means, cross-over-to-the-other-shore; in English it means, perfection) mean to give light to the six sense roots.
If the six sense-roots were immaculately purified without the taint of worldly defilement, then one
would arrive at the other shore free from bewilderment. That is why we say, six paramitas.
Hye Ka15: In the three immaculate precepts, one vows to nullify all sins, vows to practice all the good, and vows to liberate all indigent-beings.
Now you are saying, only eliminate the three poisonous minds; is this not contradictory?
Bodhidharma: Whatever Buddha said in the sutra is true and has no fault.
The Bodhisattva-Mahasattvas took three different vows when they cultivated the conducts of the
In order to prevail over the three poisonous minds, they uphold the three great vows and keep the three immaculate precepts; to keep the precept means to prevail over the poisonous greed, because one vows to cut out various sins.
To practice meditation means to prevail over the poisonous anger, because one vows to cut out various sins.
To perfect the wisdom is to prevail over the poisonous ignorance, because one vows to liberate indigent beings.
By upholding the three immaculate dharmas of precept, meditation, and wisdom, one overcomes the three poisonous karmas and attains Buddhahood. If the three poisonous minds were controlled, everything would be diminished.
That is why we call it eliminating. If the three immaculate precepts were upheld, then every good would be fulfilled.
That is the reason it is called cultivation. Nullifying sin and cultivating the good will result in complete perfection; 'I's and others will benefit and free all indigent-beings.
That is why it is called liberation [perfection].
Therefore, practicing the precepts is not departed from the mind.
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