CHAPTER XXII
ON ILLUMINING
*

(1) Defiler and Illuminator

BRETHREN, there are these four defilers of the assembly.* What four?

Herein, brethren, a sinful brother of evil nature is a defiler of the assembly: a sinful sister of evil nature ... a sinful lay-brother of evil nature ... a sinful lay-sister of evil nature is a defiler of the assembly.

These are the four.

Brethren, there are these four who light up the assembly. What four?

Herein, brethren, there is a brother, virtuous and of goodly nature a sister a lay-brother a lay-sister, virtuous and of goodly nature. These four light up the assembly.

(2) Lures to Hell and Heaven (a).*

Brethren, he who is possessed of four things is reborn in purgatory even as a load is laid down. What four?

1 Sobhaõa.

2 Parisadussanà (or -dusanà of Comy.)

3 See supra, Section 20.

286 The Numerical Sayings [TEXT ii, 226

Of misconduct by deed, misconduct by word, misconduct by thought and false views.

Verily, brethren, he who is possessed of these four things is reborn in purgatory even as ... down.

Brethren, he who is endowed with four things is reborn in heaven, even as ... with what four? With virtuous conduct by deed, with virtuous conduct by word, with virtuous conduct by thought and with right views.

Verily, brethren, he who is endowed with these four things is reborn in heaven even as ...

(3) to (10) Lures to Hell and Heaven (b) to (t)

[The same as Discourse (2) above with 'ingratitude' substituted for ' false views '.]

... He is one who takes life, steals, is unchaste, lies ... he abstains from taking life, theft, unchastity, lying

... He who holds wrong views, wrong aspirations ... perverted concentration. He who holds right views ... and has right concentration.

. ... He who has wrong livelihood, wrong effort, perverted mindfulness, perverted concentration ... He who has right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration ...

... He is a sayer of that which is not seen, of that which is not heard, he is a sayer of that which is not sensed, a sayer of that which has not been thought of ... He who says he has not seen that which he has not seen ...

xx ii. Section 220] On Illumining 287

... He says he has not seen that which he has seen ... He says he has seen that which he has seen ...

... He is without faith, sinful, immodest, unconscientious ... He is endowed with faith, he is virtuous, modest, conscientious ...

... He is without faith, sinful, indolent and of little wisdom ... Verily, brethren, he who is possessed of these four things is reborn in purgatory even as ...

Brethren, he who is endowed with four things is reborn in heaven even as ... What four? He who is endowed with faith, is virtuous, energetic and possessed of wisdom.

Verily, brethren, he who is endowed with these four things is reborn in heaven even as a load is laid down.

(CHAPTER XXII: ON ILLUMINING ENDS)