Aïguttara Nikàya
Pa¤caka Nipàta
001. Sekhabala vaggo

1. Samkhittasuttaü Ý In short

001.01. I heard thus. At one time the Blessed One was living in the monastery offered by Anàthapiõóika in Jeta's grove in Sàvatthi. The Blessed One addressed the bhikkhus:

Bhikkhus, these five are the powers of a trainer. What five?

The powers of faith, shame, remorse, effort and wisdom. These are the five powers of a trainer.

Therefore, bhikkhus, you should train, I should be endowed with the power of faith of a trainer. I should be endowed with the power of shame of a trainer. I should be endowed with the power of remorse of a trainer. I should be endowed with the power of effort of a trainer and I should be endowed with the power of wisdom of a trainer. Bhikkhus, you should train in this manner. Those bhikkhus delighted in the words of the Blessed One.

2. Vittàrasuttaü Ý In detail

001.02. I heard thus. At one time the Blessed One was living in the monastery offered by Anàthapiõóika in Jeta's grove in Sàvatthi. The Blessed One addressed the bhikkhus:

Bhikkhus, these five are the powers of a trainer. What five?

The powers of faith, shame, remorse, effort and wisdom. These are the five powers of a trainer.

Bhikkhus, what is the power of faith?

Here, bhikkhus, the noble disciple places faith in the enlightenment of the Thus Gone One. That Blessed One is worthy, rightfully enlightened, endowed with knowledge and conduct, well gone, knower of worlds, the incomparable tamer of those to be tamed, teacher of gods and men enlightened and blessed. This is the power of faith.

Bhikkhus, what is the power of shame?

Here, bhikkhus, the noble disciple is shameful of bodily, verbal and mental misconduct and shameful of demeritorious things. This is the power of shame.

Bhikkhus, what is the power of remorse?

Here, bhikkhus, the noble disciple is remorseful of bodily, verbal and mental misconduct and remorseful of demeritorious things. This is power of remorsefulness.

Bhikkhus, what is the power of effort?

Here, bhikkhus, the noble disciple with aroused effort becomes firm in dispelling bodily, verbal and mental misconduct and in dispelling demeritorious things. This is power of effort.

Bhikkhus, what is the power of wisdom?

Here, bhikkhus, the noble disciple becomes wise endowed with the arising and falling of the five holding masses for the noble one's penetrating wisdom for the rightful destruction of unpleasantness. This is power of wisdom.

The powers of faith, shame, remorse, effort and wisdom.

Bhikkhus, these five are the powers of a trainer.

3. Dukkhasuttaü Ý Unpleasantness

001.03. Endowed with five things the bhikkhu here and now abides in unpleasàntness with destruction, trouble, worry and after death an evil course of action could be expected. What five?

Here, the bhikkhu is without faith, shame, remorse, is lazy and without wisdom. Endowed with these five things, the bhikkhu here and now abides in unpleasàntness with destruction, trouble, worry and after death an evil course of action could be expected.

Endowed with five things the bhikkhu here and now abides in pleasàntness without destruction, trouble, worry and after death a good course of action could be expected. What five?

Here, the bhikkhu is with faith, shame, remorse, with aroused effort and wise. Endowed with these five things, the bhikkhu here and now abides in pleasàntness without destruction, trouble, worry and after death a good course of action could be expected.

4. Yathabatasuttaü Ý Destruction here and now

001.04. Endowed with five things the bhikkhu is here and now in hell as though led and lain there. What five?

Here, the bhikkhu is without faith, shame, remorse, is lazy and without wisdom. Endowed with these five things, the bhikkhu is here and now, in hell as though led and lain.

Endowed with five things the bhikkhu is here and now in heaven as though led and lain there. What five?

Here, the bhikkhu is with faith, shame, remorse, is with aroused effort and wise. Endowed with these five things, the bhikkhu is here and now, in heaven as though led and lain.

5. Sikkhàsuttaü Ý Precepts

001.05. Bhikkhus whoever bhikkhu or bhikkhuni was to give up the holy life and return to sensual pleasures would here and now be blamed in five ways. What five?

Lacking in faith, shame, remorse, effort and wisdom in meritorious things.

Bhikkhus whoever bhikkhu or bhikkhuni was to lead the holy life complete and pure with unpleasantness and displeasure with tearful eyes would be here and now rightfully praised in five ways. What five?

For the presence of faith, shame, remorse, effort and wisdom in meritorious things.

6. Samàpattisuttaü Ý Attainments

001.06. Bhikkhus, until faith is established in meritorious things, the attainment is wrong. Until faith disappears, after rising from wrong faith, till then the attainment is wrong.

Bhikkhus, until shame is established in meritorious things the attainment is wrong. Until shame disappears, after rising from wrong shame, till then the attainment is wrong.

Bhikkhus, until remorse is established in meritorious things the attainment is wrong. Until remorse disappears, after rising from wrong remorse, till then the attainment is wrong.

Bhikkhus, until effort is established in meritorious things the attainment is wrong. Until effort disappears, after rising from wrong effort, till then the attainment is wrong.

Bhikkhus, until wisdom is established in meritorious things the attainment is wrong. Until wisdom disappears, after rising from wrong wisdom, till then the attainment is wrong.

7. Kàmasuttaü Ý On sensuality

001.07. Bhikkhus, sentient beings dally much in sensuality. Bhikkhus, a clansman thoroughly burnt by sensuality turns away from home and becomes homeless. True to the words such a one has gone forth, through faith. What is the reason? When young, people gain sensual pleasures in one or another manner. There is sensual pleasure, which is low, middling and exalted. All this goes as sensuality. Just as a toddler owing to some negligence of the wet nurse would put a stick or a pebble in his mouth the wet nurse quickly thinking about it would take it out. If not possible to be taken out, the wet nurse would hold the toddler's head with the left hand and put a finger of the right hand into his mouth and would pull out the object together with blood. What is the reason? She knows its danger and does it out of compassion for the toddler. When he has grown up and also grown wise, he would suitably protect himself diligently, not needing a wet nurse any more.

Bhikkhus, in the same manner, so long as the bhikkhu does not engage in meritorious things based on faith, shame, remorse, effort and wisdom, he has to be protected by me. When the bhikkhu is engaged in meritorious things based on faith, shame, remorse, effort and wisdom, he does not need my protection any more. Thus he becomes a bhikkhu. It is not possible that the self protected bhikkhu should be negligent.

8. Cavanasuttaü Ý Falls away

001.08. Bhikkhus, endowed with five things the bhikkhu falls away does not get established in the good Teaching. What five?

Wrong faith, wrong shame, wrong remorse, laziness and lacking in wisdom.

Endowed with these five things the bhikkhu falls away does not get established in the good Teaching.

Bhikkhus, endowed with five things the bhikkhu does not fall away gets established in the good Teaching. What five?

Faith, shame, remorse, aroused effort and wisdom.

Endowed with these five things the bhikkhu does not fall away gets established in the good Teaching.

9. Agàravasuttaü Ý Unruliness

001.09. Bhikkhus, endowed with five things the bhikkhu becomes rebellious and falls away, does not get established in the good Teaching. What five?

Lacking in faith, shame, remorse, laziness and lacking in wisdom.

Endowed with these five things the bhikkhu becomes rebellious and falls away does not get established in the good Teaching.

Bhikkhus, endowed with five things the bhikkhu becomes thoughtful, does not fall away gets established in the good Teaching. What five?

Faith, shame, remorse, aroused effort and wisdom.

Endowed with these five things the bhikkhu becomes thoughtful, does not fall away gets established in the good Teaching.

10. Dutiya Ý agàravasuttaü Ý Second on unruliness

001.10. Bhikkhus, endowed with five things the bhikkhu becomes unruly, rebellious and does not come to growth and greatness in the good Teaching and Discipline. What five?

Lacking in faith, shame, remorse, lazy and lacking in wisdom.

Endowed with these five things the bhikkhu becomes unruly, rebellious does not come to growth and greatness in the good Teaching and Discipline.

Bhikkhus, endowed with five things the bhikkhu becomes ruly, docile and comes to growth and greatness in the good Teaching. What five?

Faith, shame, remorse, aroused effort and wisdom.

Endowed with these five things the bhikkhu becomes ruly, docile and comes to growth and greatness in the good Teaching.