Buddha Sutras Mantras Sanskrit

Introduction Sutras Translators Mantras Prayers Sanskrit Glossary

Last updated 03/2008

Sanskrit


Table B. Pronunciation of the 13 Vowels


5 Short Vowels
(each lasts one count)
8 Long Vowels
(each lasts two counts)
a      atra (here),like about or alike ā mahā (great), like father
i iva (as if, like), like easy but not like it or is ī kīrti (fame, glory), like ease
u guru (teacher), like pull ū bhūta (reality, being), like pool
amta (nectar for immortality), like pretty but not like prick pitn (fathers, accusative case), like pretty lengthened
kpta (arranged), like apple or kettle   
    e = a + i ehi (Come near!), like safe
   ai = ā + i maitreya (benevolent), like aisle
    o = a + u namo (homage), like ocean, without first bunching the lips as if to pronounce woe
   au = ā + u kauśalya (skillfulness), like loud


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