A Comparative Study of the Humanistic Approaches for Zen Therapy

Lee, Nam-Gyeong / Lecturer,
Dongguk University

In the dissertation, I’ve tried to compare the western approaches to psychotherapy with the Buddha’s teachings and Zen(Seon or meditation) for practicing. But, it is not easy to get the more effectual remedy what I want. Because, I think, each of the Oriental and the Western cultures have developed on the different bases of philosophy, ideology and religion. It is nature that, though both of them want to go for the same goal equally in the psychotherapy and try to recover the hurt mind around us, but the one is separated from the other in the meaning of terminology. They are speaking out with the same mouths and the same words, but the different meanings in the same terms.

Therefore, above all, I have reviewed the development of the western psychotherapy centered on the Humanistic approaches with the founder C, Rogers, and compared with the buddhist teaching.

Next, I have to find out the different meanings of psychological terms in the western theories and the buddhist teachings. Without any idea of the different concepts of the two, if any counsellor had excerpted from the other theory only partially, it would be done a very dangerous hurt to a client. So, it is very important job what we have to review first of all, I think.

In the chapter 4 and 5, I’ve suggested Vipassana as the way of Zen practicing for the Zen Therapy and showed the right mind and the right attitude for caring clients as a good counsellor. If you want to be a good counsellor, you should learn the Buddha’s teachings, practice Zen(Seon or meditation) and then apply the Western methods for psychotherapy .

* key words

Zen Therapy, Humanistic Approaches, C, Rogers, actualizing tendency, awareness, enlightenment, buddha-nature, anātman, śunayatā, nirvana, vipassana