Korean English Dictionary of Buddhism




조계종 관련 용어 영문표기법





대한불교 조계종이 종단명칭과 종무기구를 비롯한 불교용어의 영문표기법을 확정했다.(→ 오른쪽이 바뀐 표기법)

조계종 Korean Buddhist Chogey Order → The Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism

(참)선 Seon(zen) →Seon meditation

스님 Monk → Monk / Buddhist Monk

선사 Seon Master

방장(스님) Spiritual Patriarch

주지스님 Chief → Abbot

행자 Novice → Apprentice

중생 Sentient being

예불(의식) Buddhist Service → Buddhist Ceremonial Service

오계 The Five Precepts

삼귀의 Tree Refuges → The Tree Refuges

사홍서원 The Four Great Vows

발우공양 Buddhist Meal with Traditional Bowls

포교당 Buddhist Center → Dharma Instruction Center/ Buddhist Center

– 가 –

교무: catechist
교무스님: catechist
교수 아사리: ordination catechist
가사(袈裟) robe
간경(看經) textual study.

간화선(看話禪) Koan meditation.
갈마 아사리: confessor, procedual specialist
강백: lecturer
강원(講院) lecture hall
객실(客室) guest room

(객진)번뇌(客塵煩惱) defilement
거사(居士) male devotee
겁(劫) aeon, kalpa
결가부좌(結跏趺坐) lotus posture
결제: retreat

결집(結集) council
경(經) sutra. Buddhist scriptures. Buddhist canon.
경장(經藏) sutra pitaka
계(戒) precept, sila
계(界) realm. world

계단: ordination platform
고(苦) suffering
고승(高僧) A illustrious monk
고제(苦諦) The noble truth of suffering
고행(苦行) ascetic practice

공(空) emptiness
공덕(功德) merit
공안(公案) koan/ kongan
공양(供養) offering
공양의식: offering ceremony

과거칠불(過去七佛) seven Buddhas of the past
과보(果報)/업보 karmic result
관세음보살(觀世音菩薩) Avalokitesvara, Bodhisattva of compassion
관음전(觀音殿) hall of the Bodhisattva of compassion
교(敎) The doctrinal teaching

교리(敎理) doctrine
교종(敎宗) The doctrinal School
구경각(究竟覺) final awakening
구산(九山) nine mountains
국보(國寶) national treasure

국사(國師) national preceptor. national master.
극락(極樂) pure land of Amitabha
극락전(極樂殿) Amitabha hall
금강경(金剛經) Diamond sutra
금당(金堂) Buddha Hall

금동(金銅) gilt-bronze
깨달음 Awakening The Enlightenment

– 나 –

나찰(羅刹) evil ghost
나한(羅漢) Arahat, Attained One
나한전(羅漢殿) Hall of the Arahat
논(論) canon, Abhidharma
논장(論藏) canon pitaka Abhidharma pitaka

농감스님: farmer monk

– 다 –

도감 provost
다도(茶道) tea ceremony.
다포: multiple brackets
다라니(陀羅尼) dharani
단경(壇經) The platform sutra

단주(短珠) beads/ rosary
단청(丹靑) cosmic design/ Red and blue
달마대사(達磨大師) Bodhidharma.
닫집 canopy.
당간(幢竿) A flag pole

당간지주(幢竿支柱) flag pole supporter
대세지보살(大勢至菩薩) Bodhisattva of power/ Mahastamparapta
대승불교(大乘佛敎) The great vehicle, Mahayana Buddhism
대웅전(大雄殿) dharma hall. Buddha hall
대장경(大藏經) tripitaka

대중울력: group work
덕(德) virtue
도(道) The way. leading to the cessation of suffering
독성(獨聖) hermit sage/recluse
독성각(獨聖閣) hall of the hermit sage

돈법(頓法) The doctrine of sudden awakening
돈오(頓悟) sudden awakening
돈오돈수(頓悟頓修) sudden awakening-sudden cultivation
돈오점수(頓悟漸修) sudden awakening-gradual cultivation
동안거(冬安居) winter retreat season.

등(燈) lantern

– 마 –

만다라(蔓茶羅) mandala.
만자(卍字) The Swastika (the symbol of good fortune)
마지 rice offering to the Buddha
망상(妄想) delusions
멸(滅) cessation

명등스님: lamplighter
명부전(冥府殿) hall of judgement of the dead
명색(名色) name and formation
목어(木魚) wooden fish
목탁(木鐸) Moktak/ wooden clacker. hallow wood block.

무명(無明) ignorance
무상(無常) impermanent
무색계(無色界) formless world
무심(無心) no-mind
무아(無我) no-self

묵언(默言) holy silence, no speaking
문수보살(文殊菩薩) Manjusuri, Bodhisattva of Wisdom
문자(文字) words
미륵(彌勒) Maitreya. The Buddha of the future.
밀교(密敎) Esoteric Buddhism, Vajrayana.

– 바 –

바라밀(婆羅蜜) perfection, paramita
바랑 Barang/backpack.
반가부좌(半跏趺坐) half lotus posture
반야(般若) wisdom
반야심경(般若心經) The Heart Sutra.

발기: commentator
발우(鉢盂) wooden bowls.
발우공양(鉢盂供養) formal meal.
방부: formal introduction
방생(放生) release of living beings/ animal-outing

방장(方丈) zen master
방장스님: Son Master
방편: skillful means
백장청규: Pure Rules of Pai-Chang
번뇌(煩惱) defilements.

법(法) Dharma
법고(法鼓) temple drum, dharma drum
법구(法具) Dharma instrument.
법당(法堂) Buddha hall, Dharma hall
법당: shrine hall

법랍: seniority
법랍순서: seniority order
법랍이 가장 오래된 승려: seniormost monk
법맥(法脈) Dharma lineage
법명(法名) Dharma name

법문(法門) Dharma talk
법성(法性) Buddha’s nature. nature of beings
법신(法身) dharma body. nature of Buddha’s mind. truth.
법호: Dharma-protector
법화경(法華經) Lotus Sutra

벽화(壁畵) wall painting
별채: separate compound
보리(菩提) Enlightenment
보리수(菩提樹) bodhi tree
보리심(菩提心) the thought of Enlightenment

보살(菩薩) bodhisattva
보살계: Bodhisattva-precepts
보시(布施) generosity/ charity/ giving
보신(報身) reward body
보현보살(普賢菩薩) bodhisattva of compassion

본사(本寺) head temple.
본성(本性) one’s original nature
부도(浮屠): stupa/pagoda
분별(分別) discrimination
분신 self-imolation

불(佛) Buddha. The Enlightened One.
불공(佛供) offering
불교교단(佛敎敎團) sangha.
불교의식(佛敎儀式) Buddhist ritual
불교종단(佛敎宗團) Buddhist Order

불교학(佛敎學) Buddhist Studies. study of Buddhism
불기(佛紀) Buddhist Era(B.E.)
불보사찰: Buddha-jewel monastery
불상(佛像) Buddha statue/ Buddha image
불성(佛性) Buddha nature

불이문(不二門) Gate of non-duality.
불전함(佛錢函) donation box
불제자(佛弟子) disciples of the Buddha
불탄일(佛誕日) Buddha’s birthday.
비구(比丘) monk. Bhikku

비구계 수계식: full ordination
비구니(比丘尼) nun. Bhikkuni.
비로자나불(毘盧 那佛) Viroccana. the cosmic Buddha
비석(碑石) stela/ memorial stone
비유(比喩) parables.

– 사 –

사(寺) temple. monastery
사구(死句) dead phrase
사경(寫經) copying Sutra
사리(舍利) relics/ ashes
사리불(舍利佛) Sariputra

사리탑(舍利塔) relics stupa
사무량심(四無量心) The four immeasurables.
1)loving-kindness
2)compassion
3)sympathetic joy
4)equanimity.
사미(沙彌) novice
사미계: novice precepts
사미승: prospective ordinand

사미율의: the Sramanera Rules and Decorum
사성제(四聖諦) The Four Noble Truth
1) suffering,
2) cause of suffering,
3) cessation,
4) the path of cessation
사천왕: four heavenly kings/supernal Dharma-protector
사천왕문(四天王門) gate of the four Heavenly Kings (Four Guardians)
사판승: monk on the support staff of the monastery/ support monk

사홍서원(四弘誓願) Four Great Vows
1) I vow to save all beings.
2) I vow to end all sufferings.
3) I vow to learn all dharma teachings.
4) I vow to attain Enlightenment.
산신각(山神閣) mountain spirit shrine
삼귀의(三歸依) The Three Refuges.
1) I take refuge in the Buddha
2) I take refuge in the Dharma
3) I take refuge in the Sangha.
삼계(三界) three realms.
1) realm of desire
2) realm of form
3) realm of formlessness
삼독(三毒) three poisons.
1) greed, craving
2) hatred, anger
3) delusion, ignorance

삼배(三拜) three prostrations.
삼보(三寶) three jewels.
1) Buddha
2) Dharma
3) Sangha
삼보사찰(三寶寺刹) the three jewel monasteries.
1) The Buddha jewel monastery: Tongdosa.
2) The Dharma jewel monastery: Haeinsa.
3) The Sangha jewel monastery: Songgwangsa.
삼법인(三法印) Three Dharma Seals/ The Three Marks(Attributes/ Characteristics) of Existence.
1) impermanence. 2) suffering 3) no-self.
삼세(三世) three time period,
1) past
2) present
3) future.

삼장(三藏) three pitaka.
1) vinaya
2) sutra
3) Abhidharma.
삼직: three duties
삼악도(三惡道) three evil worlds(realms, destinies)
1) hell
2) hungry ghost
3) animal
상(相) characteristic
색(色) formation

생(生) birth
생로병사(生老病死) birth, old age, sickness and death.
석가모니(釋迦牟尼) Sakyamuni.
서방정토(西方淨土) The Western Pure Land.
석굴(石窟) stone cave.

석등(石燈) stone lantern.
석불(石佛) stone Buddha statue.
선(禪) Zen
선가(禪家) The Zen school.
선덕: meditative virtue

선문답(禪門答) Zen dialogue.
선방(禪房) Zen hall. Meditation hall.
선불교(禪佛敎) Zen Buddhism.
선사(禪師) Zen master.
선사제: commemorative service for the previous meditation master of the monastery

선승: Zen monk
선열당: meal room/ reflectory
선원 meditation compound
선원(禪院) Zen center, meditation hall.
설법전(說法殿) teaching hall.

성불(成佛)하세요! May you be Enlightened!
성지순례(聖地巡禮) the pilgrimage.
세간(世間) world
소승불교(小乘佛敎) Theravada Buddhism
수(受) feeling

수계(受戒) ordination.
수인(手印) mudra.
수행(修行) practice. cultivation.
스님(僧) monk. venerable.
승가(僧家) Sangha.

시왕(十王) Ten Kings.
시왕전(十王殿) The Ten Kings Hall.
시자 acolyte
식(識) consciousness.
신구의(身口意) body, speech, mind.

신도(信徒) lay people.
신도: lay supporter
신심(信心) The faith.
심(心) mind.
십선(十善) The ten wholesome actions.
1) No killing.
2) No stealing.
3) No adultery.
4) No lying.
5) No slandering.
6) No hash speaking.
7) No idle talking.
8) No greed.
9) No hatred.
10) No delusion.

십우도(十牛圖) The Ten Ox-herding painting
12연기(緣起) Dependent Origination.
18계(界) The Eighteen Realms.

– 아 –

아귀(餓鬼) hungry ghost.
아미타불(阿彌陀佛) Amitabha.
아수라(阿修羅) Asura. fighting god.
아승지겁(阿僧紙劫) countless aeon.
안거(安居) retreat.

암자(庵子) Hermitage.
암자: hermitage
약사불(藥師佛) The Medicine Buddha.
업(業) Karma. action
여래(如來) Tathagata. The Buddha.

연기설(緣起說) The theory of dependent origination.
연등(蓮燈) lotus lantern.
연비: burning of the arm
연지 finger burning
열반(涅槃) Nirvana

염불(念佛) chanting. reciting.
염주(念珠) prayer beads. Buddhist rosary.
예불(禮佛) A Buddhist service. Buddhist ceremony.
예불: daily service
오계(五戒) The Five Precepts.
1) No killing.
2) No stealing.
3) No sexual misconduct.
4) No lie.
5) No intoxicants.

오대(五大) The five elements.
1) earth,
2) water,
3) fire,
4)wind,
5)air.
오도송(悟道頌) Enlightenment poem.
오온(五蘊) The five aggregates.
1) name and formation.
2) feeling.
3) perception.
4) action.
5) consciousness.
와불(臥佛) Reclining Buddha.
왕생(往生) transmigration. reborn.

요사(療舍) Monk’s living quarters.
요사채: dormitory
요령 handbell.
욕(慾) desire. thirst.
욕계(欲界) the world of desire.

욕불식: Bathing the baby Buddha ceremony
용(龍) a dragon.
용왕(龍王) The Dragon King.
운판(雲版) cloud shaped gong.
운수행각: pilgrimage

원(願) 원력(願力) aspiration. power of vow.
원주스님: proctor
유나: rector
유식(唯識) consciousness only.
육도(六道) The six realms.
1) hell beings
2) hungry ghost
3) animals
4) fighting spirits-asuras
5). human beings
6) heavenly beings

육도윤회(六道輪廻) The six samsaric destinies.
육바라밀(六婆羅蜜) six perfections.
(generosity. morality. patience. energy. meditation. wisdom)
윤회(輪廻) samsara. cycle of rebirth.
율(律) vinaya. orders.
율사(律師) vinaya master.

율장(律藏) vinaya pitaka.
은사: vocation master
응진각(應眞閣) hall of the Arahat.
“이 뭣고?” What is it? Who am I ?
이기심(利己心) selfish thoughts.

인(因) cause. reason.
인가(認可) recognition.
인과(因果) cause and effect.
인연(因緣) karmic affinity/ causes and conditions
인욕(忍辱) patience.

일심(一心) One Mind.
일여(一如) non-duality.
일주문(一柱門) one pillar gate/ single beam gate
입승 succentor

– 자 –

자리이타(自利利他) by benefitting oneself, one benefits others.
자비(慈悲) compassion.
자성(自性) self nature.
자성청정(自性淸淨) the original purity of one’s self nature.
장경각(藏經閣) the monastery library.

장군죽비: huge warning stick
장로(長老) Elder.
장삼(長衫) ceremonial robe. formal robe.
장엄(莊嚴) solemnity. sublimity.
장자불와: never lying down to sleep

재무: treasurer
적멸보궁(寂滅寶宮) Temple that keeps Buddha’s reliquary.
전각: shrine hall
전계 아사리: preceptor
(전)등록: lamp anthologies (Chen-lu)

전법(傳法) transmission.
전생설화(前生說話) The Jataka tales
절 bow. prostration.
정(定) samadhi. concentration.
정견(正見) right understanding/ view

정념(正念) right mindfulness.
정명(正命) right livelihood.
정사(正思) right thought.
정어(正語) right speech.
정업(正業) right action.

정정(正定) right concentration.
정정진(正精進) right effort.
제석(帝釋) the king of the Heaven.
조계종(曹溪宗) Chogye Order.
조사(祖師) patriarch.

조사당(祖師堂) the hall of patriarchs.
조실: guiding teacher
종각(鐘閣) bell tower
종고루: Bell and drum tower
종무소(宗務所) temple office.

종무소: office
종정(宗正) supreme patriarch.
좌복 cushion. seat.
좌선(坐禪) sitting meditation.
주지(主旨) abbot.

죽비(竹 ) Chukbi/ bamboo clapper.
중강: assistant
중도(中道) middle path.
중음(中陰) intermediate stage/ state.
증사: witness

지옥(地獄) hell.
지장보살(地藏菩薩) Ksitigarbha, Earth Store Bodhisattva.
지장전(地藏殿) Ksitigarbha hall. Hall of the hell.
지전 스님: verger
지혜(智慧) wisdom.

직세 스님: proctor
집착(執着) attachment.

– 차 –

찰나(刹那) an instant.
참선(參禪) Zen meditation
천상천하 유아독존: In heaven and on earth, I alone am foremost.
천태종(天台宗) T’ient’ai sect.
청신남(淸信男) a male Buddhist.

청신녀(淸信女) a female Buddhist.
청중 disciplinarian
초발심자경문: Admonitions to Beginners
촉(觸) touch. contact.
촛대: candle holder

총림(叢林) monastic teaching center.
총무: prior
총무원(總務院) Headquarters of the Order.
축원: supplication
축원을 하다: chant a supplication
recite a (special) prayer

출가(出家) renunciation.
취(取) grasp.
치(恥) ignorance/ delusion
치문경훈: the Adminitions to the Gray-robed Monks
칠보(七寶) the seven precious gems.

칠성각(七星閣) shrine hall of the Seven stars(Big Dipper)

– 타 –

탐(貪) greed.
탑(塔) stupa. pagoda.
탱화(幀畵) Buddhist wall painting.

– 파 –

파계(破戒) breaking the precepts.
팔고(八苦) eight sufferings.
(Suffering of birth, old age, sickness, death,
being apart with the loved ones, together with the despised ones,
not getting what want, flourishing of the body.)
팔상도(八相圖) pictures of the eight main events of the Buddha’s life.
팔만대장경(八萬大藏經) Tipitaka Koreana.
팔상전(八相殿) hall of eight pictures

팔정도(八正道) Noble Eightfold Path.
(right view, right thought, right speech, right action,
right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration.)
포교(布敎) preaching, propagation.
포교당(布敎堂) Buddhist center/ missionary center
포살(布薩) confession
피안(彼岸) nirvana/ other shore

풍경(風磬) wind bell.
풍수지리(風水地理) geomancy.

– 하 –

하심(下心) humble minded.
하안거(夏安居) summer retreat season.
합장(合掌) palms together
항하(恒河) the Ganges river in India.
해우소: toilet

해인도: ocean-seal chart
해제 기간: free season
해탈문(解脫門) gate of the Liberation
행(行) karma. action.
행자(行者) postulant

행정승: office monks
행주좌와(行住坐臥) walking, standing, sitting, lying.
향로(香爐) incense burner.
향로: incense holder
헌향(獻香) offering an incense.

현교(顯敎) Exoteric Buddhism
혜안(慧眼) the eye of wisdom.
호국불교(護國佛敎) Buddhism for national protection.
호법장군: dharma-general
화(化) transformation.

화두: critical phrase
화신(化身) transformed body.
화엄경(華嚴經) Flower Garland Sutra.
환속(還俗) returning to lay life. secession from the order
환속하다: secede from the order

후불탱화(後佛幀畵) main platform painting.
후원: reflectory

– 불교방송에서 –

가사(袈裟) monastic robe
간경(看經) textual study.
간화선(看話禪) Koan meditation.
강원(講院) lecture hall
객실(客室) guest room
객진번뇌(客塵煩惱) defilement
거사(居士) male devotee
겁(劫) An aeon
결가부좌(結跏趺坐) lotus posture
결집(結集) council
경(經) sutra. Buddhist scriptures. Buddhist canon.
경장(經藏) sutra pitaka
경행(輕行) walking meditation
계(械) precepts, sila, good conduct
계(界) realm. world
고(苦) suffering
고승(高僧) A illustrious monk
고제(苦諦) The noble truth of suffering
고행(苦行) ascetic practice
공(空) emptiness
공덕(功德) merit
공부(工夫) cultivation practice
공안(公案) koan
공양(供養) offering
과거칠불(過去七佛) seven Buddhas of the past
과보(果報) karmic result
관(觀) insight.
관법(觀法) vipassana.
관세음보살(觀世音菩薩) Avalokitesvara, Bodhisattva of compassion
관음전(觀音殿) hall of the Bodhisattva of compassion
관행(觀行) contemplation of the mind
광명(光明) light and illumination
괘불(掛佛) large banner painting
교(敎) The doctrinal teaching
교리(敎理) doctrine
교종(敎宗) The doctrinal School
구경각(究竟覺) final awakening
구산(九山) nine mountains
국보(國寶) national treasure
국사(國師) national preceptor. national master.
극락(極樂) pure land of Amitabha
극락전(極樂殿) Amitabha hall
금강경(金剛經) Diamond sutra
금당(金堂) Buddha Hall
금동(金銅) gilt-bronze
깨달음 Awakening The Enlightenment

– 나 –
나찰(羅刹) evil ghost
나한(羅漢) Arahat, Attained One
나한전(羅漢殿) Hall of the Arahat
논(論) canon, Abhidharma
논장(論藏) canon pitaka Abhidharma pitaka

– 다 –
다도(茶道) tea ceremony.
다라니(陀羅尼) dharani
단견(斷見) annihilation view
단경(壇經) The platform sutra
단주(短珠) short beads.
단청(丹靑) cosmic design, Red and blue
달마대사(達磨大師) Bodhidharma.
닫집 canopy.
당간(幢竿) A flag pole
당간지주(幢竿支柱) flag pole supporter
대세지보살(大勢至菩薩) Bodhisattva of power
대승불교(大乘佛敎) The great vehicle, Mahayana Buddhism
대웅전(大雄殿) dharma hall. Buddha hall
대장경(大藏經) tripitaka
덕(德) virtue
도(道) The way. leading to the cessation of suffering
독성(獨聖) hermit sage
독성각(獨聖閣) hall of the hermit sage
돈교(頓敎) The sudden teachings
돈법(頓法) The doctrine of sudden awakening
돈오(頓悟) sudden awakening
돈오돈수(頓悟頓修) sudden awakening-sudden cultivation
돈오점수(頓悟漸修) sudden awakening-gradual cultivation
동안거(冬安居) winter retreat season.
등(燈) lantern

– 마 –
만다라(蔓茶羅) mandala.
만자(卍字) The Swastika (the symbol of good fortune)
마지 rice offering to the Buddha
망상(妄想) delusions
멸(滅) cessation
명부전(冥府殿) hall of judgement of the dead
명색(名色) name and formation
목어(木魚) wooden fish
목탁(木鐸) wooden clacker. hallow wood block.
무(無) no. not. not exist.
무념(無念) non-thought
무명(無明) ignorance
무상(無常) impermanent
무색계(無色界) formless world
무심(無心) no-mind
무아(無我) no-self
묵언(默言) holy silence, no speaking
문수보살(文殊菩薩) Manjusuri, Bodhisattva of Wisdom
문자(文字) words
미륵(彌勒) Maitreya. The Buddha of the future.
밀교(密敎) Esoteric Buddhism, Vajrayana.

– 바 –
바라문 Brahman
바라밀(婆羅蜜) perfection, paramita
바랑 Monks’s backpack.
반가부좌(半跏趺坐) half lotus posture
반야(般若) wisdom
반야심경(般若心經) The Heart Sutra.
발우(鉢盂) wooden bowls.
발우공양(鉢盂供養) formal monastic meal.
방생(放生) release of living beings
방장(方丈) zen master
번뇌(煩惱) illusion, defilements.
법(法) dharma, The Buddha’s teaching
법구(法具) dharma instrument.
법고(法鼓) temple drum, dharma drum
법당(法堂) Buddha hall, Dharma hall
법명(法名) dharma name
법문(法門) dharma talk
법맥(法脈) dharma lineage
법성(法性) Buddha’s nature. nature of beings
법신(法身) dharma body. nature of Buddha’s mind. truth.
법화경(法華經) lotus sutra
벽화(壁畵) wall painting
보리(菩提) Enlightenment
보리수(菩提樹) bodhi tree
보리심(菩提心) the thought of Enlightenment
보살(菩薩) bodhisattva
보시(布施) generosity
보신(報身) reward body
보현보살(普賢菩薩) bodhisattva of compassion
본사(本寺) head temple.
본성(本性) one’s original nature
부도(浮屠) stupa. pagoda.
분별(分別) discrimination
불(佛) Buddha. The Enlightened One.
불기(佛紀) Buddhist year.
불공(佛供) offering
불교(佛敎) Buddhism
불교교단(佛敎敎團) sangha.
불교미술(佛敎美術) Buddhist painting.
불교종단(佛敎宗團) Buddhist Orders.
불교의식(佛敎儀式) Buddhist rituals.
불교학(佛敎學) Buddhist Studies. study of Buddhism
불상(佛像) Buddha statue
불성(佛性) Buddha nature
불전함(佛錢函) donation box
불제자(佛弟子) disciples of the Buddha
불이문(不二門) Gate of non-duality.
불탄일(佛誕日) Buddha’s birthday.
비구(比丘) monk. Bhikku
비구니(比丘尼) Bhikkuni. nun
비로자나불(毘盧 那佛) Viroccana. the cosmic Buddha
비석(碑石) stela
비유(比喩) parables.

– 사 –
사(寺) temple. monastery
사구(死句) dead phrase
사경(寫經) Sutra duplication.
사리(舍利) relics
사리불(舍利佛) Sariputra
사리탑(舍利塔) relics stupa
사무량심(四無量心) The four immeasurables.
1)loving-kindness 2)compassion 3)sympathetic joy 4)equanimity.
사문(沙門) Sramana
사미(沙彌) novice
사부대중(四部大衆) the four-fold assembly.
사성제(四聖諦) The Four Noble Truth
1) suffering, 2) cause of suffering, 3) cessation, 4) the path of cessation
사천왕문(四天王門) gate of the four Heavenly Kings (Four Guardians)
사홍서원(四弘誓願) Four vows
1) I vow to save all beings.
2) I vow to end all sufferings.
3) I vow to learn all dharma teachings.
4) I vow to attain the Enlightenment.
산신각(山神閣) mountain spirit shrine
삼귀의(三歸依) The Three Refuges.
1) I take refuge in the Buddha
2) I take refuge in the Dharma
3) I take refuge in the Sangha.
삼계(三界) three realms.
1) desire world 2) subtle world 3) formless world
삼독(三毒) three poisons. 1) greed 2) hatred 3) delusion.
삼배(三拜) three prostrations.
삼보(三寶) three jewels. 1) Buddha 2) Dharma 3) Sangha
삼보사찰(三寶寺刹) the three jewel monasteries.
1) The Buddha jewel monastery: Tongdosa.
2) The Dharma jewel monastery: Haeinsa.
3) The Sangha jewel monastery: Songgwangsa.
삼법인(三法印) The Three Marks of Existence.
1) impermanence. 2) suffering 3) no-self.
삼세(三世) three time period, 1) past 2) present 3) future.
삼장(三藏) three pitaka. 1) vinaya 2) sutra 3) Abhidharma.
삼악도(三惡道) three evil worlds. 1) hell 2) hungry ghost 3) animal
상(相) characteristic
색(色) formation
생(生) birth
생로병사(生老病死) birth, old age, sickness and death.
생사(生死) birth and death.
석가모니(釋迦牟尼) Sakyamuni.
서방정토(西方淨土) The Pure Land.
석굴(石窟) stone cave.
석등(石燈) stone lantern.
석불(石佛) stone Buddha statue.
선(禪) Zen.
선가(禪家) The Zen school.
선문답(禪門答) Zen dialogue.
선방(禪房) Zen hall. Meditation hall.
선불교(禪佛敎) Zen Buddhism.
선사(禪師) Zen master.
선원(禪院) Zen center, meditation hall.
설법전(說法殿) teaching hall.
성불(成佛)하세요! May you be Enlightened!
성지순례(聖地巡禮) the pilgrimage.
세간(世間) world
소승불교(小乘佛敎) Theravada.
수(受) perception.
수계(受戒) ordination.
수인(手印) mudra.
수행(修行) practice. cultivation.
스님(僧) monk. venerable.
승가(僧家) Sangha.
승속(僧俗) monastic and householders.
시왕(十王) Ten Kings.
시왕전(十王殿) The Ten Kings Hall.
식(識) consciousness.
신구의(身口意) body, speech, mind.
신도(信徒) lay people.
신심(信心) The faith.
심(心) mind.
십선(十善) The ten wholesome actions.
No killing. No stealing. No adultery. No lying. No slandering.
No hash speaking. No idle talking. No greed. No hatred. No illusion.
십우도(十牛圖) The Ten Ox-herding.
12연기(緣起) Dependent Origination.
18계(界) The Eighteen Realms.

– 아 –
아귀(餓鬼) hungry ghost.
아미타불(阿彌陀佛) Amitabha.
아수라(阿修羅) Asura. fighting god.
아승지겁(阿僧紙劫) countless aeon.
안거(安居) retreat.
암자(庵子) Hermitage.
애(愛) desire.
약사불(藥師佛) The Medicine Buddha.
업(業) Karma. Behavior.
여래(如來) Tathagata. The Buddha.
연기설(緣起說) The theory of dependent origination.
연등(蓮燈) lotus lantern.
열반(涅槃) Nirvana (extinction)
염불(念佛) chanting. reciting.
염주(念珠) prayer beads. Buddhist rosary.
예불(禮佛) A Buddhist service. Buddhist ceremony.
오계(五戒) The Five Precepts.
No killing. No stealing. No sexual misconduct. No lie. No intoxicants.
오대(五大) The five elements. earth, water, fire, wind, air.
오도송(悟道頌) Enlightenment poem.
오온(五蘊) The five aggregates.
1) name and formation. 2) feeling.
3) perception. 4) action. 5) consciousness.
와불(臥佛) Reclining Buddha.
왕생(往生) transmigration. reborn.
요사(療舍) Monk’s living quarters.
요령 Buddhist handbell.
욕(慾) desire. thirst.
욕계(欲界) the world of desire.
용(龍) a dragon.
용왕(龍王) The Dragon King.
우상(偶像) idol.
운판(雲版) cloud shaped gong.
원(願) 원력(願力) aspiration. vow.
유식(唯識) consciousness only.
유부(有部) Sarvastivada school.
유정(有情) sentient beings.
육도(六道) The six realms.
1) hell beings 2) hungry ghost 3) animals
4) fighting spirits-asuras 5). human beings 6) heavenly beings
육도윤회(六道輪廻) The six samsaric destinies.
육바라밀(六婆羅蜜) six perfections.
(generosity. moral. patience. energy. meditation. wisdom)
윤회(輪廻) samsara. rebirth.
율(律) vinaya. orders.
율사(律師) vinaya master.
율장(律藏) vinaya pitaka.
응진각(應眞閣) hall of the Arahat.
“이 뭤고?” What is it? Who am I ?
이기심(利己心) selfish thoughts.
인(因) cause. reason.
인가(認可) recognition.
인과(因果) cause and effect.
인연(因緣) karmic affinity.
인욕(忍辱) patience.
일심(一心) One Mind.
일여(一如) non-duality.
일주문(一柱門) one pillar gate.
입산(入山) to become a monastic.

– 자 –
자리이타(自利利他) by benefitting oneself, one benefits others.
자비(慈悲) compassion.
자성(自性) self nature.
자성청정(自性淸淨) the original purity of one’s self nature.
장경각(藏經閣) the monastery library.
장로(長老) Elder.
장삼(長衫) ceremonial robe. formal robe.
장엄(莊嚴) solemnity. sublimity.
적멸보궁(寂滅寶宮) Buddha reliquary.
전법(傳法) transmission.
전생설화(前生說話) The Jataka tales.
절 bow. prostration.
정(定) samadhi. concentration.
정견(正見) right understanding.
정념(正念) right mindfulness.
정명(正命) right livelihood.
정사(正思) right thought.
정어(正語) right speech.
정업(正業) right action.
정정(正定) right concentration.
정정진(正精進) right effort.
제석(帝釋) the king of the Heaven.
조계종(曹溪宗) Chogye Order.
조사(祖師) patriarch.
조사당(祖師堂) the hall of patriarchs.
종각(鐘閣) bell tower
종무소(宗務所) temple office.
종정(宗正) supreme patriarch.
좌복 cushion. seat.
좌선(坐禪) sitting meditation.
주지(主旨) abbot.
죽비(竹 ) bamboo clapper.
중도(中道) middle path.
중음(中陰) time in between. intermediate stage.
지옥(地獄) hell.
지장보살(地藏菩薩) Ksitigarbha, Earth Store Bodhisattva.
지장전(地藏殿) Ksitigarbha hall. Hall of the hell.
지혜(智慧) wisdom.
집착(執着) attachment.

– 차 –
찰나(刹那) an instant.
참선(參禪) meditation
천태종(天台宗) T’ient’ai sect.
청신녀(淸信女) a female Buddhist.
청신남(淸信男) a male Buddhist.
촉(觸) touch. contact.
총무원(總務院) Headquarters of the Order.
총림(叢林) monastic teaching center.
출가(出家) renunciation.
취(取) grasp.
치(恥) ignorance.
칠보(七寶) the seven precious gems.
칠성각(七星閣) shrine hall of the Seven stars(Big Dipper)

– 타 –
탐(貪) greed.
탑(塔) stupa. pagoda.
탑돌이 circumambulation.
태몽(胎夢) birth dream.
탱화(幀畵) Buddhist wall painting.

– 파 –
파계(破戒) breaking the precepts.
팔고(八苦) eight sufferings.
(Suffering of birth, old age, sickness, death,
being apart with the loved ones, together with the despised ones,
not getting what want, flourishing of the body.)
팔상(八相) depictions of the eight main events of the Buddha’s life.
팔상도(八相圖) scenes from the Buddha’s life.
팔만대장경(八萬大藏經) Tipitaka Koreana.
팔상전(八相殿) hall of eight depictions.
팔정도(八正道) Noble Eightfold Path.
(right view, right thought, right speech, right action,
right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration.)
포교(布敎) preaching, propagation.
포교당(布敎堂) Buddhist center.
포살(布薩) confession
피안(彼岸) nirvana.
풍경(風磬) wind bell.
풍수지리(風水地理) geomancy.

– 하 –
하안거(夏安居) summer retreat season.
하심(下心) humble minded.
합장(合掌) palm.
항하(恒河) the Ganges river in India.
호국불교(護國佛敎) Buddhism for national protection.
해탈문(解脫門) gate of the Enlightenment.
행(行) karma. action.
행자(行者) novice.
행주좌와(行住坐臥) walking, standing, sitting, lying.
향로(香爐) incense burner.
헌향(獻香) offering an incense.
혜안(慧眼) the eye of wisdom.
화(化) transformation.
화신(化身) transformed body.
화두(話頭) koan.
화엄경(華嚴經) Flower Garland Sutra.
환속(還俗) returning to lay life.
후불탱화(後佛幀畵) main platform painting.


총림 : (s)Vana. Training monasteries. Four big monasteries in Korea that provide comprehensive training for monks.  The four monasteries are : T’ongdosa, Haeinsa, Songgwongsa, and Sudoksa
선사 : Zen master
비구스님 : monk, venerable, reverend, sunim
비구니스님 : Buddhist nuns
비구.비구니계 : The Bhikhu/Bhikkhuni precepts
강사스님 : lecturer, Head lecturer, Sutra teacher
강주 : dean
은사스님 : Vocation master, teacher
상좌/제자 : disciple
소좌/납자 : Zen practitioners
사형 : spiritual brother(elder)
사제 : spiritual brother(younger)
성직자 : priesthood
속인 : laypeople
거사 : laymen
보살 : laywomen
보살계 : The Bodhisattva precepts
불자 : Buddhist
행자 : trainees/postulants/Prospective ordinaned/A novice
사미 : novices
사미. 사미계 : The Sami/Samini precepts/Rules for novices
종정 : Supreme master/head/spiritual leader
방장스님 : Zen Master. Chief of the precincts. (This title is reserved for the Zen Masters of the four main training monasteries
율사 : Vinaya Master/Discipline teacher/precept Master
조실 : Official title of the resident Zen Master
주지 : Chief Monk. Abbot. Monastic who holds executive control over the support positions of the monastery.
총무 : a Sunim who is in charge of general affairs.
교무 : Catechist/a sunim who is in charge of education
재무 : a sunim who is in charge of financial affairs
총무원장 : President of order headquarters.
NAMES OF BUILDINGS
일주문 : one pillar gate, one span gate
사천왕문 : The Four heavenly kings. four Grardins gate
불이문 : Non-duality gate
대웅전 : main hall, dharma hall. main dharma hall. main buddha hall. main sanctuary
법당 :main Dharma hall
관음전 : Avalokitesvara hal, a boddhisattva known for compassion
지장전/명부전 : Ksitigarbha hall, a boddhisattva of the deceased
약사전 : healing Buddha hall
미륵전 : maitreya hall, future Buddha
극락전 : Amita Buddha hall
나한전/웅진전 : arhat’s hall
설법전 : Teaching hall -where people gather to hear a lecture
산신각 : shrine for mountain god
삼성각 : shrine for three stars
독성각 : shrine for lonely saint, independant
칠성각 : shrine for the seven stars
선방 :  meditation hall
종구 :  bell tower
공양간/후원 : dining place or kitchen
오사채 : living quarters
종무소 : offic, Temple office
종무소직원 : clerk
종각 : Bell Tower(Hall)
보물장 : Temple Museum
장경각 : Hall for storing Sutras, For keeping Sutras.
시자실 : attendant’s room
해우소 : toilet, ladies & gents
경내 : courtyard

Things

불상 : statue
목불 : wooden statue
석불 : stone statue
벽화/탱화 : wall painting, Buddhist painting behind th Buddha statue
A buddhist scroll painting. A Buddhist religious painting
탑 : pagoda, stupa
석등 : stone lanterns
Things in Temple
복전함/불전함 : donation box/offering box
단청 : literal meaning is red and blue picture of many colors and designs painted on canopy in temples
온돌 : typical Korean style of underfloor heating
기와 : roof tile
풍경 : windbell
Instruments
목탁 : wooden percussion instrument used for chanting and worship mokt’ak.
wooden bell-for keeping the rhythm when chanting.
사물 : The Four instruments
  종 : bell, 북 : drum, 운판 : cloud-shaped gong, 목어 : wooden-fish
요령 : handbell
죽비 : Bamboo stick or clapper – dounded three times at the beginning and end of the meditation session
염주 : Beads-worn around the wrist and often used for recitation in order to keep concentration. Buddhist rosary.  Buddhist beads-108  or to 1000 used for counting bows


Things to eat
육식을 안한다 : refrain from meat
채식하다 : eat vegetables only
공양 : meal, offerings, Meal in a monastery
발우공양 : sunims’s taking formal and ceremonial meal
대중공양 : Festival meal
아침공양 : breakfast
점심공양 : lunch
저녁공양 : dinner
마지(올리다) : to offer rice to the Buddha
Things to wear
승복 : Buddhist robes
가사 : ceremonial garment worn over robes
장삼 : formal monastic robes
고무신 : rubber shoes
걸망 : rucksack/knapsack
누비옷 : quilted clothes

Names of Sutra

경전 : sutra/scripture/canon
대승경전 : The Mahayana Canon
  화엄경 : Avtamsaka sutra/Flower Ornament(garland)sutra.
  법화경 : Saddharmapundarika Sutra/Lotus sutra
  열반경 : Nirvana sutra
  능엄경 : Surangama sutra
  능가경 : lankavatara sutra
  원각경 : The sutra of perfect Enlightenment
  사십이장경 : Forty-two sutra
  반야경 : Prajnaparamitta sutra/Perfection of Wisdom sutra
  금강경 : Vajracchedika sutra/Diamond sutra
  반야심경 : Hridaya sutra/Heart sutra
어록 : record of sayings
유마경 : Vimalakirti
삼장 : 1)The Tripitaka, The three collections of Buddhist sutras, the Bu7ddhist Texts, are divided into three collections;
2)The three collections of Buddhist sutras: the Sutras(경),Vunaya(율), and Abhidharma(논) collections
대장경 : Great Scripture Store, Tuipitika.

Names of Bodhisattva

지장보살 : Chijang Bodhisattva is the one who delays his becoming a buddha until enlightenment for the people who suffer in the world.
Earth store Bodhisattva.  Ksitigarbha
관음보살 : Kwanum Bodhisattva is the one who is full of compassion and mercy. Avalokitesvara.
He/She listens to the sound of people and comforts the people
약사보살 : Yaksa is a  healing Bodhisattva who heals and cures the sickness of people.
The Medicine Buddha. Bhaisajyaguru
대세지보살 : Bodhisattva of power. Bodhisattva shown to the right of Amitabha Buddha. Represents wisdom. Mahasthamaprapta
보현보살 : symbolized by the elephant. Samantabhadra. Bodhisattava of Compassionate Action.
아미타불 :(s)Amitabha-buddha. Buddha of the Western Paradise.
The Buddha of the Light.
Buddhism Ceremony
성도일 : Buddha’s Enlightenment Day, in Korea held on the 8th day of the 12th lunar month
초파일 : Buddha’s birthday
부처님오신날 : the day Buddha came
사십구제 : Forth-ninth day Ceremony ; the memorial service held on the forty-ninth day after a person’s death


苦: Duhka,  bittcrncss 豆? ; unhappiness. suffering, pain, distrcss, miscry; diffcidulty. Thcre are lists of three four, five eight, and tcn catcgorics; the two are intcrnal, i.e. physical and mcntal and external, i.c. attacks from without.  The four are birth, growing old illness and death, The eight are these four along with the pain of parting from the loved of meeting with the hated, of failure in one’s aims, and that caused by the fine skand has; cf 四諦
苦苦: Duhkha-duhkhata. The pain or painialncss of pain; pain prouduced by miscry or pain; suffering arising from external circumstances, c.g. faminc, storm, sickness forture, etc.
苦行: Duskara-carya, undergoing diffculties, hardships, or sufferings; also Tapas, burning torment; hence asceticism rclisious austerity, martifotion.
三昧: Ekagra, aikagrya, Undeflected concontraltion, meditation – on, one object, V 一行三昧
一乘: Ekayana, One yana, the One yana the vhicle of one-ncss. 一佛乘  The one Buddha – Yana. The One vehiclc, i.e. Mahayana, which contains the final or complete law of the Buddha and not merely a part, or preliminary stage, as in Hinayana Mohayuanists claim it as the perfect and only way to the shore of parinirvana it is especially the doctrine of the 法華經   Lotus Scripture v. 大乘. 11之珠 The pearl of the one, Yana, i.c. The Lotus Scripture. 11圓宗The Tientai, or Lotus School of the perfect teaching, or the one vehide; V. 天台宗.11家. The one-vehide family or sect especially the Tien-tai or Lotus School. 11法(門) The one-vehicle method as revealed in the Lotus Sutra. 究貫敎The One vehicle in its final teaching, especially as found in the Lotus sutra. 11經; 11妙典(or 文) Another name for the Lotus sutra so called because it deelares the one way of salvation the perfact Mahayana. 11菩提 The one-vehicle enlighten ment or 11華嚴 Avatamsaka Schod; v. 五敎
一切: Sarva. All, the whole; 普遍, 具
一切如來: Sarvatathagata, all Tathafatas, all the Buddhas.
一切處: Samanta, Everywhere, universal; a universal dhyana, 無不相應眞言
       The shinon or “True word” that responds everywhere.
一心: With the whole mind or heart; one mind or heart; also the bhutatathata, or the whole of thins; the universe as one mind or a spiritual unity, 稱名 With undivided mind to call on the name. 三惑; 同? 三惑 The then-t’a “three doubts” in the mind of a bodhisattva, proudcing fear of illusion, confusion through multipicity of duties, and ignorance i.e.. 見思; 無明 q.v. 三智 One mind and three aspects of knowledge the 別敎separates the three aspects into  and g.v; Tient’ai unifies them into 空, 假one immediate vision or regards the three as aspects of the one mind.
一時: Ekasmin samaye [Pali;ckamsamayam];on one accasion, part of the usual opening phrase
of a sutra-Thus have I heard .Once, ctc. A period, e.g.a session of expounding a sutra.  入定: To enter meditation by tranguil lizing the bady, mouth, and mind.身口意          
入寂:  To enter into rest,or nirvana;also,to die, Also 入滅 or 入寂滅
八正道(分): Aryamarga, The eight right or correct ways the “eightfold noble path for the arhat to nirvana; also styled. 八道船, 八正門, 八由行, 八遊行, 八聖道支, 八道行, 八直行, 八直道, The eight are : (1)正見 samyag-arsti,  correct views in regard to the Four Axioms and frecdom from the common delusion, (2)正思 samyak-samkal pa, eorrect thought and purpose (3)正言 samyag-vac, correct speach avoidance of false and idle talk
(4)正業 samyak-karmanta, correct dead, or conduct, getting rid of all improper action so as to dwell in purity (5)正命 Samyag ajiva, correct livelihood or occupation, avoiding the five immoral occupations (6)正精進 Samyag-vjajama correct zeal or energy in uninterrupted progreee in the way of nirvana (7)正念 Samyak, smrti, correct remcm brance, or memory, which retains the true and excludes the false (8)正定 Samyak-samadhi, correct meditation, abscortion, or anbstraction.
十二因緣: Dvadasang pratityasamutpada; the twelve nadanas; v, 尼 and 因 also; 十二緣起; (有)支; 率連; 棘園; 輪; 重?; 因緣觀; 支佛觀
They are the twelve links in the chain of existence; (1)無 vidya, ignorance, or unenlightment (2)行 Samskara action, activirty concotion, “dispositions, keith, (3)識 vijnana, consiousness (4)名色 namarupa name and form (5)六入 i.e. eye ear nose tonguc body, and mind (6)觸 sparsa, contect touch (7)受 vedana, scnsation feeling (8)愛 trsna thirst desire, craving (9)取 upadana laying hold of grasing (10)有 bhava baing existing (11)生 jati birth (12)老死 jaramarana dd age death.
十信: The ten grades of bodhisattva faith, i.e. the first ten in the fifty two bodhisattva postions: (1)信 faith  (2)念 remembrance, or unforgetfulness (3)精進 zealous progress (4)慧 wisdom (5)定 settled firm nessin concentration  (6)不退 non-retrogression (7)護法 protection of the Truth
(8)廻向reflexive powers, e.g. for reflecting the Trugh
(9)戒 the nirvana mind in
(10)願 action at will in anything and everywhere.
十號: Ten titles of a Buddha: 如來 Tathag ata; 應供 Arhat 正?知 Samyak-sambuddha
明行足 Vidyacorana-sampanna  善逝 sugata, 世間解Lokavid, 無上士Anuttara
調御丈夫Purusa-damya-sarathi, 天人師Sasta deva manusyanam
佛世尊 lokamatha, or bhagalon
三味: The three flavours or pleasant savours; the monastic life, reading the scriptures meditation
三寶: Triratna, or Patnatraya, i.e. the Three precious Ones :佛 Buddha 法Dharma 僧Samgha
三毒: The theree poisons also styled 三根; 三株 they are 貧concupiscence or wrong desire, 瞋anger hatc or resentment and 痴stupidity gnorance, unintclligence or unwillingness to accept Buddha-truth
三衣: The three regulation harments of a monk 袈裟 kasaya, 僧伽製, samhati assenably robe; uttarasanga, upper garment worn over the 安陀會Antarvasaka, vest or shirt
大乘四果: The four fruits or bodhisattva stages in Mahayana the fouth being that of a Buddha: 須陀洹 srota-apnna 사다함 sakrdagamin 阿那含 anagamin and 阿羅漢arhan. This is a 通敎 category.
大僧戒: The commands or prohibitions for bodhhisatvas and monks also styled.
大導師: The great vuide, i.e. Buddha or a Bodhisattva.
大悲: Mahakaruna “great pity” i.e. greatly pitiful a heart that seeks to save the suffering; applied to all Buddhas and bodhisattvas, especially to kuan-yin.
大慈: Great mercy, or compassion.
大比丘: Great bhinkyu, i.e. one of virtue and old age; similar to 大和尙
大沙門: The great shaman, i.e. Buddha; also any bhilcsu in full orders.
大法: The great Dharma, or Law.
大弟子: sthavira, a chief disciple, the Fathers of the Buddhist church; an elder; an abbot; a priest licensed to preach and become an abbot; also.
大衆: The great assembly, any assembly, all present, everybody.
大覺: The superme bodhi, or enlightenment and the enlightening power of a Buddha.
女色: Female beacuty-is chain, a serious delusion a gievous calamity
山僧: “Hill monk” self-deprecatory term used by monks.
不妄語: Musavada-veramani,, the fourth commandmenmt thou shalt not lie ; no false speaking
不?慾: Abrahamacarya-veramani, the third commandment, thou shalt not commit adultery
不放勉: No slackness or loosensess; concentration of mind and will on the good.
不殺生: Pranatipatad vairamani, the first commandment, 
Thou shalt not kill the living.
中道: The “mean” has various interpretions in general it denotes the mean betweeen taio extremes, and has special reference to the mean between realism and nihilism or eternal subgtantial existence ald annihilation between the two, suggesting the idea of a realm of mind or spirit beyond the terminobgy of 有 or 無  substance or noting or that which has form and is there are measurable and ponderable,.
方便; Upaya, Convenient to the place or situation, suited to the condition opportune, appropriate; but  is interpreted as 方法 methood mode, I am, and 便 as 便用convenient for use, i.e. a convenient or expedient mathod; also 方正as 便 and as 巧妙which implies strategically correary.
世世生生; Transmigration affter traansmigration in the six states of mortal existence
世俗; Laukika; common or ordinary things custom, expcriences, common or wondly ways.
世尊; Lokajyestha, words most venerable, or Lokantra, lord of worlds.
世界; Loka世間 ; the finite world the world, a world, which is of two kinds;
出家; Pravraj; to leave hoime and bewcome a monk or nun.
布施; Dana 檀那; the sixth paramita almsgiving i.e. of goods, or the doctrine, with resultant benefits now and also hereafter in the forms of reinearnation, as neglect or refusal in the fo will produce the opposite consequences.
末法; The last of the three periods 正, 像, and 末; that of degeneration and extinction of the Buddha-law
生佛; Buddha alive; a living Buddha; also 生 i.e. 衆生 all the living and 佛 i.e. Buddha
因果; Cause and effect every cause has its effect as every effect arises from a cause.
因緣; Hetupratyaya, cause; causes; 因 hetu, is primay cause 緣 pratayaya, secondary cause or causes, e.g. a seed is 因 rain dew, farmer, etc, are 緣
色慾; Sexual desire, or passion
色身; Rupa-kava. The physial body, as controsted with the 法身 dharma-kaya, the immaterial spiritual or immortal body.
佛子; Son of Buddha; a bodhisattva; a believer in Buddhism for every beliver is becoming Buddha; a term also applied to all beings, becuase all are of Buddha-nature.
佛性; Buddhata, The Buddha-nature i.e. gnosis enlightenment; potential bodhi remaing in every gati, i.e. all have the capacity for enlightenment; for the Buddha-nature remains in all as wheat nature remains in all wheat.
佛敎; Buddhas teaching; Buddhism.
佛法; Buddhadharma; the Dharma or Laq preached by the Buddha the principles unerlving these teaching the truth attained by him.
佛眼; The eye of Buddha, the enlightened one who sees all and is omniscient
佛語; The words, or seyings, of Buddha.
佛身; Buddhakaya, a general term for the Trikaya or threefold embodiment of Buddha.
佛陀; There are numberous monks from India and Central Asia bearing this as part of their names
成佛; To become Buddha as a bodhisattva does on reaching super me perfect bodhi
我想; The thought that the ago has reality.
我慢; Abhimana, as ma-mada.
我相; Egoism the concept of the ego as real
戒; Sila, 新羅, precept command prohobition discipline rule; morelity
戒律; Sila and Vinaya.  The rules
法輪; Dharma-cakra, the wheel of the Law Buddha-truth which is able to crush all evil and all apposition like lndras wheel and which rolls on from man to man place to place age to age.
法雨; The rain of Buddha-truth which fertilizes all beings.
修行; Carya, conduct to abserve and do to mend one’s ways; to cultivate oneself in right practice; be religious or pious.
般若; Prajna “to know, understand” “Wisdom” M.W Intp 慧 wisdom;智慧 understanding or wisdom; 明 clear intelligent the sixth paramita.
敎化; To transform by instruction; teach and convert; to cause another to give alms.
敎理; The foundamental principles of a religion its doctrines or dogmas, e.g. the four trughs the twelve nidanas the eight tob noble path.
欲心; A desirous, covetous, passionate or lusful heart.
欲樂; The joy of the five desires
惡口; Evil month, evil speech; a slanderous, evil-speaking person.
惡業; Evil conduct in thought word or deed which leads to evil recompense; evil Karma.
菩提; Bodhi ;  from budh; knowledge understanding perfect wisdom; the illuminated or enlightened mind; anciently intp.
愛惑; The illusion of love, or desire
愛憎; Love and hate, desire and dislike
愛欲; Love and desire; love of family
業; Karman, karma :action work deed: “moral duty” “product, result, effect” M.W  The doctrine of the act; deads especially in  their relation to succeeding forms of transmigration.
業報; Karma-reward; the retribution of karma, good or evil.
頓悟; Sudden Illumination
無念; No Thinking
不生不滅; No birth and No Death
如如; Suddness
큰 法堂; The Big Main Hall
解脫門: The Gate of Nirvana
掛佛; The Hanging-up painting of the Buddha The palanduin
大佛像; Wooden Buddhas I mage
大雄殿; Main sanctuary. TaeungJon
大雄殿佛像; Statue of vairocana Buddha Buddha I mage in the Main Hall
觀; Vipasyanaj Vidarsana.
To look into study examine contemt ate; contemplation, insight; a study a Taoist monactery to consider illusion and discern illusion or discern the seeming from the real; to contemplate and mentally enter into truth.
觀世音; Regards of the worlds sounds or cries the so-called Goddess of Mercy; also known as 音,
釋迦牟尼; Sakyamuni, the saint of the sakya tribe Muni is saint holy man, sage ascetic, monk; it is intp.
釋迦; Sakya the clean or family of the Buddha, said to be derived from saka. vegetables but intp in chiness as powerful, strong and explained by powerful also erroneously by  charitable which belongs rather to association with sakyamuni.
禪靜; Dhyana and its chiness translation duieting of thought or its control or suppression silent meditation Dhyama and Samadhi.
覺性; The enlightened mind free from all illusion.
覺者; An enlightened one especially a Buddha, enlightening self and others
禪房; Meditation abode a room for meditation a cell a bermitage general name for a momastery.
禪師; A master or teacher of meditation or of the chian school
禪悅; Joy of the mystic trance
禪; To level a  place for an atter to sacrifice to the hills and fountains to abdicate.
應供; Worthy of worship atr of the term anhat; one of the ten titles of a Tathagata.
諸法; Sarvadharma; Sarvabhava; all things; every dgarna law, thing method, etc
僧俗; Monks and the laity
緣起; Arising from conditional causation; everthing arises from conditions and not being spontaneous and self-contained has no separate and independent nature;
僧伽; Sangha, an assemble, collection
company, society.  The corporate assembly of at least three monks under a chairman empowered to hear confession, grant absolution and ordain
解脫門; The door of release the stage of meditation charater ized by vacuity and absence of perception or wishes.
煩惱; Klesa “pain affliction distress” ” care, trouble”
塔; Stupa; tope;
a tumulus or mound for the bones or remains of the dead or for other sacred relics, especially of the Buddha, whether relics of the body or the mind, e.g. bones or scriptures.
菩提; Bodhi; from budh; knowledge, understanding; perfect wisdom; the illuminated or enlightemed mind; anciently intp
敎理; The fundermental principles of a religionits doctrines or dogmas e,g. the four trughs the tweles nidanas the eight fold noble path
梵鐘; A temple or monaster bell.
十大弟子; The ten chief disciples of Sakyamuni, each of whom was master of one poser or gift.
三處傳心; The three places where Sakyamuni is said to have transmitted his mind or thought direct and without speech to Kasyapa
大乘起信論; Mahayana-sraddhotpada-sastra, attributed to Asvaghosa 마명(without sufficient evidence), tr. by Paramartha A.D. 553 and Siksananda between 695-700 ; there are nineteen commentaries on it.  It is described as the foundation work of the Mahayana. Tr. into Enghlish by Timothy Richard and more correctly by T. Suzuki as The Awakening of Faith.
布施; dana. charity or giving, including the bestowing of the truth on others
持戒; sila, keeping the commandments
忍辱; ksanti, patience under insult
精進; virya, seal and progress
禪定; dhyana, meditation or contemplation
智慧; prajana, wisdom, the power to discern reality or truth.
It is the last which carries across the samsara(sea of incarnate life) to the shores of nirvana.  The opposites of these virtues are meanness, wickedness, anger, sloth, a distracted mind, and ignorance, the 唯識論 adds four other paramitas.
識; perceptions: the theory of nine kinds of non-actvity
三輪; or three soverrign powers for converyiong others are those of
極樂; birth in the happy land of Amitabha by transformation through the Lotus.
法身; the dharmakaya, or spiritual body, born or formed on a disciple’s conversion.
佛菩薩; the transformation of a buddha or bodhisattva, in any form at will, without gestation or intermediary conditions
Buddha-body.  A narrower interpretation is his appearance in human form expressed by 應身, while 化身 is used for his manifold other forms of appearances.
十戒Siksapada.  The ten prohivitions(in Pali form)consist of five commanaments for the layman;
(1) not to destroy life 不殺生 panatipataveramani;
(2) not to steal 不偸盜adinnadanaver;
(3) not to commit adultery 不?慾 abrahmacaryaver;
(4) not to lie 不妄語 musavadaver;
(5) not to take intoxicating liquor 不飮酒suramereyyamajjapamadatthanaver.  eight special commandment for laymen consist of the preceding five plus;
(6) not eat food out of regulated hours 不非時食 vikala-bhojanaver;
(7)not to use farlands of perfume 不着香華?不香塗身 malagandha-vilepana-dharana-mandana-vibhusanatthana
(8) not to sleep on high or broad beds(chastity) 不坐臥高廣大牀 uccasayana-mahasayana.  The ten commnadments for the monk are the preceding eight plus;
(9) not to take part in singing, dancing, musical or theatrical perfcrmances, not to see or listen to sucb 不歌舞倡技不往觀聽 nacca-gita-vadita-visukadassanaver.
(10) to refrain from acquiring uncoined or coined gold, or silver, or jewels 不得捉錢金銀寶物 jataruparajata-patiggahanaver.  Under the Mahayana these ten commands for the monk were changed, to accord with the new environment of the monk to the following : not to kill, not to steal, to avoid all unchastity, not to lie, not to slander, not to insult, not to chatter, not to covet, not to give way to anger, to harbour no scepticism.
修行; accordant
方便; universal accordance with conditions of the receptivity of others
說法; powers of universal explication of the truth
神通; universal superhuman powers
供養諸佛; power of universal service of all Buddhas
成就衆生; the perfection of all beings universally
斷惑; universal cutting off of delusions
十牛圖; The ten ox-pictures, the first, a man looking for an ox, then sceing its tracs, then seeing the ox, catching it feeding it, riding it home, ox dies man lives, both dead, return whence they came, and enter the dust.
十智; The ten forms of understanding. I Hinayana (1)世俗智 common understading (2) 法enlightened understanding, i.e. on the Four truths in this life ; (3)類 ditto, applied to the two upper reaims 上二界; (4),(5),(6)(7) understanding re each of the Four Truths separately, both in the upper and lower realms, e.g.苦智 : (8)他心 understanding of the minds of others (9)盡 the understanding that puts an end to all previous faith in or for self, i.e. 自信智; (10)無生 nirvana wisdom; v 26
Mahayana.  A Tathagata’s ten powers of understanding or wisdom (1)三世 perfect understanding of past, present, and future (2) ditto of Buddha Law (3)法界無碍 unimpeded understaing of the whole Buddha-realm (4)法界無邊 unlimited or infinite ditto (5)充滿一切 of ubiquity (6)普照一切世間 of universal enlightenment (7)住持一切世界 of omnipotence or universal control (8)知一切衆生 of omniscience re all living beings (9)知一切法 of moniscience re the laws of universal salvation (10)知無邊諸佛 of omniscience re all Buddha wisdom v. 華嚴經 16. There are also his ten forms of understanding of the “five Seas” 五海 of worlds, living beings karma nassions and Buddhas.
十惡 Dasakusala. Thje ten “not right” or evil things are killing. stealing. stealing. adultery. lying double-tongue, coarse language, filthy language, covetousness, anger, perveted views ; these produce the ten resultant evils 業(道). Cf. 十善 ; 十戒
十行; The ten necessary activities in the fifty-two stages of a bodhisattva. following on the 十信 and 十主 ; the two latter indicate personal development 自利 These ten lines of action are for the universal welfare of thers. 利他; They are joyful service; beneficial service never resenting with cut limit; never out of order ; appearing in any form at will unimpeded ; exalting the paramitas amongst all beings perfecting the Buddha-law by complete virtur ; manifesting in all things the pure, final, true reality.  Superior order, grade or class. 上生 ; 中生 ; 下生 The three highest of the nine stages of birth in the Pure Land, v. 中, 下 and 九品. 蓮臺 The highest stages in the Pure Land where the best appear as ; otus flowers on the pool of the seven precious things; when the lotuses open they are transformed into beings of the Pure Land.
三世; The three periods, 過去, 現在, 未來 or 過, 現, 未, past present, and future. The universe is described as eternally in motion, like a flowing stream, Also 未生, 已生,     後滅, or 未, 現, 過unborn, born, dead. The 華嚴經 Huna-yen sutra has a division of ten kinds of past, present, and future, i.e. the past spoken of as past, present, and future also, with the addition of the present as the three periods in one instant. 三際. 三千佛 Also The thousand Buddhas of each of the three kalpas-of the past, called 莊嚴 kalpa the present 賢, and the future 星宿. Their names are variously fiven in several sutras a complete list is in the 三千佛名經. 不可得 Everything past. present, future, whether mental or material, is intangible, fleeting and cannot be held; v. 心. 了遠 A Buddha’s pertect knowledge of past present and future. 佛 The Buddhas of the past present and future, i.e. Kasyapa, Sakyamuni, and Maitreya. 假實 The reality or otherwise of things or events past. present amd future. Some hinayana schools admit the reality of the present but dispute the reality of the past 已有 and the future 營有. Others take different views. all of which have been exhaustively discussed. See Vibhasa sastra 婆沙論 77, or 俱舍論 20. 實有法體恒有 The Sarvastivadah school maintains that as the three states (past present future) are real so the substance of all things is permanent; i.e. time is real. matter is eternal. 心 Mind. or thought, past, present or future, is momentary always moving unreal and cannot be laid hold of. 成佛 idem. 三生. 智 One of a Tathagata’s ten kinds of wisdom. i.e. knowledge of past, present, and future. 無障  ?智戒 The wisdom-law or moral law that frees from all impediments.  past, present, and future.  Also styled 三昧耶戒; 自性本源戒; 三平等戒; 菩提心戒; 無爲戒 and 眞法戒. 覺母 A name for Manjusri 文殊; as guardian of the wisdom of Vairocana he is the bodhi-mother of all Buddhas past, present, and future. 間 There are two difinitions : (1) The realms of 器 matter, of 衆生 life and 智正覺 mind especially the Buddha’s mind (2) The 五陰 psychological realm(mind) 衆生 realm of life and 國土or 器 material realm.
三乘; Triyana, the theree vehicles or conveyances which carry living beings across samsara or mortality (births-and-deaths) to the shores of nirvana.  The three are styled 小, 中 and 大 Some-times the three vehicles are defined as 聲聞 Sravaka, that of the hearer or obedient disciple ; 緣覺 Pratyeka-buddha that of the enlightened for self; these are described as 小乘 because the objective of both is personal salvation; the third is 菩薩 Bodhisattva, or 大乘 Mahayana, because the objective is the salvation of all the living. the three are also depicted as 三車 three wains. drawn by a goat a deer an ox.  The Lotus declares that the three are really the One Buddha-behicle. which has been revealed in three expedient forms suited to his disciples capacity, the Lotus Sutra being the unifying complete and final exposition.  The three vehicles are differently explained by different exponents e.g.
三劫; The theree asankyjeya kalpas the three countleas aeons, the period of a bodhisattva’s development; also the 莊嚴, past the present 賢, and the future 星宿 kalpas.  There are other groups. 三千佛 The thousand Buddhas in each of the three kalpas.
三昧; The three flavours, or pleasant savours, The monastic life, reading the scriptures, meditation.
三天; The trimurti-Siva. Visnu, and Brahma. 使 v. 三使. 四仙 v. 二天三仙 and 鳩摩羅Kuveradeva and 若提子 Nirgrantha son of jnatr, i.e. pf tje Jnatr clan.
三學; The “three studies’ or yehicles of learning-discipline, meditation, wisdom ; (a) 戒learning by the commandments or prohibitions so as to guard against the evil consequences of error by mouth. body or mind i.e. word, deed or thought (b)定 by dhyana or quietist meditations (c)慧 by philosophy, i.e. study of principles and solving of doubts.  Also the Tripitaka ; the 戒 being referred to the 律 vinaya, the 定 to the 經sutras, and the 慧 to the 論 sastras.
三寶; Triratna or Patnatraya, i.e. the Three Precious Ones; 佛 Buddha, 法 Dharma. 僧Sangha, i.e. Buddha, the Law, the Ecclesia or order.
三師七證; The three superior monks and a minimum of seven witnesses required for an ordination to full orders; except in outlandish places, when two witnesses are valid.
三界; The three sets of commandments, i.e. the ten for the ordained who have left home the eight for the devout at home and the five for the ordinary laity.
布施; Dana 檀那; The sixth paramita, almsgiving, i.e. of go or the doctrine, with resultant benefits now and als hereafter in the forms of reinearnation, as neglect o refusal will produce the opposite consequences.
本性; The spirit one possesses by nature; hence the Buddha-nature; the buddha-nature withing ; one’s own nature.
末寺; Subsidiary buildings of a monastery.
末世; The Third and last period of Buddha-kalpa; the first is the first 500 years of correct doctrine, the second is the 1,000 years of semblance law, or approximation to the doctine, and the third a myriad years of itts decline and end.
本質; Original substance the substance itself; any real object of the senses.
定命; Samyagajiva, the fiffth of the 八正道, right livelihood, right life : ‘asstaining from any of the fobidden modes of living.”
正定; Samyaksamadhi. right astractions or concentration so that the mind become vacant and recepttive the eighth of the 八正道: “right concentration, in the shape of the Four Meditations.” Keith.
正?智; Samyaksambuddha 三?三佛陀; omniscience, completely enlightened the universal knowledge of  a buddha. hence he is the 海 ocean of omniscience. Also 覺; 等正覺
正念; Samyaksmrti, right remembrance the seventh of the 八正道; “right mindfulness the looking on the body and the spirit in such a way as to remain ordent. self-possessed and minidful having overcome both hankering and dejection “Keith.
正思惟; Samyaksamkalpa, right thought and intent, the second of the 八正道; “right aspiration towards renunciation. benevolence and kindness. “keith.
正業; Samyakkarmanta. righ action purity of body avoiding all wrong, the fourth of the 八正道; “right action, abstaining from taking life, or what is not fiven or from carnal indulgence. “keith.
正精進Samyagvyayama. right effort, zeal or progress. unitermitting perseverance, the sixth of the 八正道; “right effort to suppress the sising of evil states to eradicate those which have arisen to stimulate good states and to perfect those which have come into being. ” Keith.
正覺; Sambodhi, the wisdom or omniscience of a Buddha.
正見; Samyagdrsti, right view, understading the four noble truths; the first of the 八正道: “knowledge of the four noble truths. “keith.
正語; Samyagvak, right speech; the third of the 八正道; “abstaining from lying, slander, abuse, and idle talk. “Keith.
正等覺; Samyagvuddhi, or-bbodhi ; the perfect universal wisdom of a buddha.
生住異滅Birth stay change(or decay) death.
生老病死; Birth, age, sickness, death, the 四苦 four afflictions that are the  lot of every man.  The five are the above four and 苦 misery, or suffering.
行住坐臥; Walking, standing, sitting, lying-in every state
行者; An abbot’s attendant ; also acarin, performing the duties of disciple.
佛像; Buddha’s image or pratima.  There is a statement that in the fifth century A. D the images in China wre of Indian features. thich lips, high nose, long eyes, bull jaws. etc… but that after the T’ang the form became “more effeminate”
佛第子; Disciples of Buddha, whether monks or laymen.
佛智; Anuttara-samyak-sambodhi, Buddha-wisdom, i,e, supreme.  universal gnosis. awareness or intelligence; sarvajnata omniscience.
佛法; Buddhadharrma ; the Dharma or Law preached by the buddha the principles underlying these teachings, the truth attained by him. its embodiment in his being.




























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































불교용어집(2008. 8 현재
한글표기 현재 안
조계종 중앙종무기관 및 직위
대한불교조계종 The Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism
대한불교조계종 유지재단 Foundation for Preservation of Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism
중앙종무기관 Central Directorate of Religious Affairs
종헌 Constitution of the Jogye Order
종령 Ordinance of the Jogye Order
종책 Policies of the Jogye Order
종정(스님) Supreme Patriarch  / Spiritual Leader
총무원장 Head of Administration /  President
포교원장 Executive Director of Dharma Propagation
교육원장 Executive Director of Monastic Training
종회의장 Speaker of the Central Council
호계원장 Executive Director of Precepts Council
부장 Director (부; Department)
국장 Deputy Director 
차장 Assistant Deputy Director
과장 Section Manager (of XX Dept.)
팀장 Leader of ~ Team
팀원 Member of ~ Team
행정관 Division Manager
계장 Managing Clerk of XX (Dept.)
주임 Assistant Manager (of XX Dept.)
사원 Staff Member (of XX Dept.)
총무원 (Administrative) Headquarters of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism
총무부 Department of General Affairs
기획실 Department of Planning
사회부  Department of Social Affairs
문화부 Department of Cultural Affairs
호법부 Department for Regulations /
Department for Regulation Enforcement
재무부 Department of Financial Affairs
감사국 Office of Inspection
사서실 Department of Secretarial Affairs / Services
포교원 Bureau of Dharma Propagation
포교부 Department of Dharma Propagation
포교국 Office of Dharma Propagation
신도국 Office of Lay Buddhist Affairs
포교연구실 Department of Propagation Research
교육원 Bureau of Monastic Training
교육부 Department of Education  
교육국 Office of Education
연수국 Office of Study & Training  
불학연구소 Research Institute for  Buddhist Studies
원로회의 Council of Elders
원로회의 의장 The Head of Council of Elders
대한불교조계종 중앙종회 Central Council of the Jogye Order
중앙종회사무처 Office of General Affairs for the Central Council
의장단 Board of Councillors
수석부의장 Senior Vice-Chairman of the Central Council
부의장  Vice-Chairman of the Central Council
중앙종회의원 Member of the Central  Council
사무처장 Director of General Affairs
전문위원 Expert Advisor
호계원 Board of Adjudication 
행사기획단
(봉축위원회)
Ceremonial Planning Group /
Celebration Cemmittee for Buddha’s Birthday
지방종무기관 Office for Local Religious Affairs
국제교류위원회 Committee for International Relations and Exchanges
조계종(공익)기부재단 (Public interest) Charitable Foundation of Jogye Order
마하이주민지원단체협의회 Maha  Council for Supporting Immigrants 
한국불교문화사업단 Cultural Corps of Korean Buddhism
템플스테이 통합정보센터 Integrated Templestay and Buddhist Center
불교중앙박물관 Central Buddhist Museum
조계종 사회복지재단 Korean Buddhist Foundation for Social Welfare
법무전문위원실
법무전문위원
Office of Legal Affairs
Counselor of Legal Affairs
조계종 출판사 Jogye Order Publishing
전법회관 Dharma Propagation Hall
교구 및 사찰 표기
본사 Head Temple
교구본사 District Head Temple
제7교구본사 Head Temple for the 7th District of the Jogye Order
군종교구 The special military religious district of the Jogye Order
사무장 Office Manager
말사 Branch Temple
암자 Hermitage
포교당 Dharma Propagation Center
삼보사찰 Monasteries of the Three Jewels
1) The Buddha Jewel Monastery: Tongdo-sa
2) The Dharma Jewel Monastery: Haein-sa
3) The Sangha Jewel Monastery: Songgwang-sa
총림 Comprehensive Temple /
Temples Providing Every Facet of Monastic Training
강원 Monastic College
선원 Seon Training Center
율원 Vinaya College
스님 표기
방장(스님) Spiritual Head
주지스님 Abbot
선사 Seon (Zen) Master 
스님(승려) Monk (Nun) / Buddhist Monk
Sunim
비구(비구니) Bhiku (Bhikuni)
사미 (사미니) Novice / Sramanera (Sramanerika)
행자 Postulant (Monastic Trainee)
동자승 Child Monk (Preadolescent Monastic Trainee)
단체명
중앙신도회 Lay Buddhist Association for Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism 
3교구 신도회 The Lay Buddhist Association of 3rd District
대한불교청년회 Korean Youth Buddhist Association
한국대학생불교연합 Korea Buddhist University Federation
파라미타 청소년협회 Paramita Youth Association of Korea
한국불교종단협의회 Association of Korean Buddhist Orders 
전국 비구니회 Korean Bhiksuni Association
조계종 공익기부재단 Charitable Foundation of Jogye Order
조계종 사회복지재단 Korean Buddist Foundation for Social Welfare
조계종 출판사 Jogye Order Publishing
한국불교문화사업단 Cultural Corps of Korean Buddhism
조계종 포교사단 Division of Dharma Propagation of Jogye Order
조계종 국제포교사단 International Dharma Intructors Association of Jogye Order
불교여성개발원 Buddhist Women’s Development Institute
불교상담개발원 Korean Buddhist Institute of Counselling
템플스테이 통합정보센터 Integrated Templestay and Buddhist Center
사무총장 The Secretary General
건 물
성보박물관  Buddhist Museum
법당 Dharma Hall, Buddha Hall
대웅전 Great Hero Hall, Main Buddha Hall
대적광전 The Hall of Great Peace and Light
비로전 Vairocana(Cosmic Buddha) Hall
무량수전/극락전 Paradise Hall, Amitabha Buddha Hall
미륵전 Maitreya Hall
관음전/원통전 Avalokitesvara Hall /
Hall of the Bodhisattva of Compassion
명부전/지장전 Judgement Hall /
Hall of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva
나한전/응진각 The Disciples’ Hall / Arhats’ Hall
팔상전 Shrine hall with portrayals of the eight main events of the Buddha’s life / Hall of Eight Depictions
설법전 Dharma talk hall, Teaching Hall
조사전 Hall of the Patriarchs
산신각 Mountain God(Spirit) Shrine
칠성각 Shrine Hall for the Seven Stars
삼성각 Three Sages Shrine
보장전 Temple Museum /
Hall for the Temple Treasures
장경각 Hall for the Buddhist Texts(Sutras)
선방 (Seon) Meditation Hall
요사채 Monks’ residence /
Monks’ living quarters
후원 A kitchen and dining hall of a temple
사찰 구조물 및 불구
금강계단 The Diamond Precepts Platform
일주문 One Pillar Gate
불이문 Gate of Non-duality
해탈문 Gate of Nirvana (Liberation)
사천왕문 Gate of the Four Guardians
Pagoda, Stupa
부도 A stone memorial monument /
Monks’ stupa
석등 Stone Lantern
종각/종루 Bell Tower, Bell pavilion
법고/북 Dharma drum / Temple drum
범종/종 Temple bell
목어 Wooden fish
운판 Cloud-shaped gong
목탁 Wooden Fish
죽비 Bamboo clapper(stick), Bamboo rod
요령 Hand bell
촛대 Candle Holder
향로 Incense burner
염주 Prayer beads, Buddhist rosary, Mala
단주 Bracelet beads, Buddhist beads
법구 Dharma Instruments
불단 An altar for making offerings to the Buddha
불전함 Donation Box
불화 Buddhist Painting
궤불 Buddhist scroll painting
탱화 Buddhist religious painting / Thangka
후불탱화 Main platform painting behind the Buddha image
궤불 Large Scroll Painting
벽화 A wall painting / A Mural
단청 Cosmic designs
주련 Wooden banner of epigrams /
Sayings of the Buddha or great masters, which are carved on a woodblock on the pillar of the temple
심우도(십우도) Ten Ox-herding Pictures
수인 Mudra / Hand gestures
사리탑 Pagoda
스님의 복색과 수행
예불(의식) Puja / Prayers
염불 Chanting
축원 Praying, Prayer, Supplication, Invocation
좌복 Meditation cushion
가사 Ceremonial Cape
장삼 Ceremonial robes (Formal monastic robes)
연등 Lotus lantern
풍경 Hanging Bell with Fish Clapper
출가 Becoming a monastic 
윤회 Samsara / Cycle of Rebirth
구족계 Full Monastic Precepts
사미계 Novice Precepts
공양게 Pre-meal Chant
발우공양 Ritual Meal
(참)선 Seon meditation (=Zen)
49재 The seven seventh-day memorial services /
Forty-ninth Day Ceremony; the memorial service held on the forty-ninth day after a person’s death
기도 prayer 
화두 Hwadu / Koan / Critical Phrase
승적 Registration of Ordination
오계 The Five Precepts
하안거 Summer (Meditation) Retreat
동안거 Winter (Meditation) Retreat
법회 및 경전
법회 Buddhist Ceremony
포살법회 Uposatha Ceremony 
입재식 Opening Ceremony
불기 Buddhist religious implements, B.E.
회향식 Closing Ceremony  / Dedication of Merit
축사 Congratulatory Speech
격려사 Encouragement Speech 
발심수행장 Inspiring Yourself to Practice
개회 Opening Announcement
봉행사 Offering Remarks
봉행식 Offering Ceremony
방생 Saving Lives / Ransoming Animals Lives / Freeing Animals
제등행진 Lantern parade
관욕 의식 Ceremony of Bathing the Buddha (statue)
법어 Dharma Talk / Dharma Speech
삼귀의 Three-fold Refuge
사홍서원 (The) Four Great Vows
1) I vow to save all beings
2) I vow to end all sufferings
3) I vow to learn all dharma teachings
4) I vow to attain enlightenment
반야심경 Heart Sutra
금강경 Diamond Sutra
화엄경 Garland Sutra / Avatamska Sutra
법화경 Lotus Sutra /  Saddharma Pundarika Sutra
불보살 명호
석가모니불 Sakyamuni Buddha
아미타불 Amitabha
약사여래 Bhechadjaguru / Medicine Buddha
관음보살(관세음) Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva / Bodhisattva of Mercy
문수보살 Manjushiri Bodhisattva / the Bodhisattva of wisdom and intellect.
보현보살 Samantabhadra Bodhisattva
지장보살 Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva
교리 관련
   
육바라밀 (the) Six Perfections / Six Paramitas
1) charity  2) morality  3) patience  4) energy 
5) meditation  6) wisdom
복(福) Good Fortune
중생 Sentient Beings
불화  Buddhist Painting 
팔고 Eight kinds of Sufferings
1) Suffering of birth  2) Suffering of old age
3) Sickness  4) Death  5) Being apart from loved ones  6) Being together with despised ones  7)Not getting what one wants  8) Being attached to the five elemental aggregates of which one’s body, mind, and environment are composed
팔정도 The Eightfold Noble Path
삼계 Three Realms(Worlds)
1) Realm of desire, whose inhabitants are motivated appetites and sexual desire
2) The Form Realm, whose inhabitants have neither appetite nor sexual desire
3) The Formless Realm, whose inhabitants have no physical forms
삼독 Three Poisons(defilements)
1) desire 2) anger 3) ignorance
삼법인 The Three Universal Truths / The Three Dharma Seals
1) Impermanence
2) Non-Self
3) Suffering
사성제 the Four Noble Truths
보살 Bodhisattva
인과(법) (The Laws of) Cause & Effect.   
Karma
연기(설) (the Theory of) Dependent Origination
   
   

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