Bodhidharma


Bodhidharma  

Dalmado 달마도 達磨圖 Kim Myeong-guk, Joseon dynasty, 1636~1637 or 1643년 water-based ink on paper 83 x 58.2cm

Known in English as: Bodhidharma
Tamil: போதிதர்மன்
Sanskrit: बोधिधर्म
Simplified Chinese: 菩提达摩
Traditional Chinese: 菩提達摩
Chinese abbreviation: 達摩
Hanyu Pinyin: Pútídámó
Wade-Giles: P’u-t’i-ta-mo
Tibetan: धर्मोत्तर Dharmottāra
Korean: 달마 Dalma
Japanese: 達磨 Daruma
Malay: Dharuma
Thai: ตั๊กม๊อ Takmor
Vietnamese: Bồ-đề-đạt-ma

Bodhidharma

Thirty-three forms of Avalokitesvara

33관세음보살도 (三十三觀世音菩薩圖)

Avalokitesvara
1. Willow-branch  楊柳觀音 양류관음


Avalokitesvara
2. Dragon -head   龍頭觀音 용두관음


Avalokitesvara
3. Sutra-holding  持經觀音 지경관음


Avalokitesvara
4. Circle of Light  圓光觀音 원광관음


Avalokitesvara
5. Royal Ease  遊戲觀音 유희관음



Avalokitesvara
6. White-robe 능정관음(能靜觀音)
 

Avalokitesvara
7. White-robe  白衣觀音  백의관음


Avalokitesvara
8. Lotus-reclining 蓮臥觀音 연와관음


Avalokitesvara
9. Life-lengthening 延命觀音 연명관음


Avalokitesvara
10. Waterfall-gazing 瀧見觀音 롱견관음




Avalokitesvara
11. Medicine-giving 施藥觀音 시약관음



Avalokitesvara
12. Fish-basket 魚籃觀音 어람관음
 

Avalokitesvara
13. Virtuous-King Brahma 德王觀音 덕왕관음


Avalokitesvara
14. Water-moon 水月觀音 수월관음

Avalokitesvara
15. Tara  군다리관음(軍茶利觀音)


Avalokitesvara
16. Nilakantha, Blue-necked 青頸觀音 청경관음


Avalokitesvara
17. Awe-inspiring heavenly general 威德觀音 위덕관음


Avalokitesvara
18. Full Moon 만월관음(滿月觀音)


Avalokitesvara
19. Cave-dwelling 岩戶觀音 암호관음



Avalokitesvara
20.Lotus-holding 持蓮觀音 지련관음

Avalokitesvara
21. Calm and Serene 能靜觀音 능정관음

Avalokitesvara
22. Anavatapta 阿耨觀音 아뇩관음

Avalokitesvara
23. Abhetti 阿摩提觀音 아마제관음(阿摩提觀音) 아마례관음(阿摩禮觀音), 아마협관음(阿摩鋏觀音)


Avalokitesvara
24. Parnasvari 葉衣觀音 엽의관음


Avalokitesvara
25. Vaidurya 琉璃觀音 유리관음, 향왕관음(香王觀音)
 

Avalokitesvara
26. Tara 多羅尊觀音 다f라존관음

Avalokitesvara
27. Cintamanicakr, Many Jewels 眾寶觀音 여의륜관음(如意輪觀音)

Avalokitesvara
28. Six Periods 六時觀音 육시관음

Avalokitesvara
29. Universal Compassion 普悲觀音 보비관음


Avalokitesvara
30.Wife of  Ma Lang 馬郎婦觀音 마랑부관음


Avalokitesvara
31. Sahasrabhuja 천수관음(千手觀音)


Avalokitesvara
32. Non-dual 不二觀音 불이관음(不二觀音)



Avalokitesvara
33.Water-sprinkling 灑水觀音  쇄수관음

Avalokitesvara
* Ekadasamuhka, Eleven-headed  십일면관음(十一面觀音)

Avalokitesvara


Avalokitesvara  

Sanskrit: अवलोकितेश्वर (Avalokiteśvara)

 

Burmese: လောကနတ် (lo:ka. na’) or လောကနာထ (lo: ka .na hta.)

 

Bengali: অবলোকিতেশ্বর

 

Chinese: 觀世音 (guānshìyīn) or 觀音 (guānyīn)

 

Japanese: 観世音2 (kanzeon) or 観音 (kannon)

 

Thai: อวโลกิเตศวร (Avalokitesuarn), เจ้าแม่กวนอิม (Chao mae Kuan Im)(Meaning : Great Mother Kuan Im)

 

Tibetan:  སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས་ (spyan-ras-gzigs; chenrezig, chenrezi)

 

Korean: 관세음보살 (gwanseeum bosal)

 

Vietnamese: Quan Thế Âm

Ksitigarbha


Ksitigarbha  

Sanskrit: Kṣitigarbha অবলোকিতেশ্বর
Chinese: TC: 地藏菩薩, 地藏王菩薩
SC: 地藏菩萨, 地藏王菩萨
Pinyin: Dìzàng Púsà, Dìzàng Wáng Púsà
Wade-Giles: Ti Tsang, Ti Tsang Wang Pu Sa

Japanese: 地蔵 Jizō, 地蔵菩薩 Jizō Bosatsu, 地蔵王菩薩 Jizōō Bosatsu
Tibetan: Sai Nyingpo
Korean: 지장, 지장보살, ji jang, ji jang bosal
Vietnamese: Địa Tạng Vương
Kṣitigarbha is a bodhisattva primarily revered in East Asian Buddhism, usually depicted as a Buddhist monk in the Orient. The name may be translated as “Earth Treasury”, “Earth Store”, “Earth Matrix”, or “Earth Womb.” Kṣitigarbha is known for his vow not to achieve Buddhahood until all hells are emptied; therefore, he is regarded as the bodhisattva of hell beings. Usually depicted as a monk with a nimbus around his shaved head, he carries a staff to force open the gates of hell and a wish-fulfilling jewel to light up the darkness.

Bronze Maitreya Bodhisattva Bangasayusang


Bronze Maitreya Bodhisattva Bangasayusang  

Korea’s Gilt Bronze Maitreya Bodhisattva Bangasayusang

Classification
National Treasures 83
Name of Cultural Properties
Geumdongmireukbosalbangasang
(Gilt-bronze maitreya in meditation)
Address
Buyeo National Museum. San16-1, Dongnam-ri, Buyeo-eup, Buyeo-gun, Chungcheongnam-do. S.KOREA
Age
Three Kingdoms Period

A Bodhisattva is the symbol of compassion who seeks enlightenment while also trying to save all sentient beings by spreading the Buddha’s teachings. The Maitreya Bodhisattva is also referred to as the Ilsaengpoch’ (一生補處; Eka-jati-prati-baddha) Bodhisattva, meaning that the Matireya Bodhisattva will be the next Buddha after the Shakyamuni Buddha.
According to the Mirukhasaengkyong sutra(彌勒下生經) and the Kwanmirukposal Sangsaengtosolch’onkyong sutra(觀彌勒菩薩 上生兜率天經), the Maitreya Bodhisattva was born in Varanasi in southern India to a Brahman family. He received the teachings from the Shakyamuni Buddha who predicted that he would become the next Buddha. The Maitreya Bodhisattva then ascended to Tusita Heaven where he now teaches the Dharma to the Gods residing there. Tusita Heaven refers to a heaven of full knowledge and satisfaction, where no greed or worldly desires exist. The Gods there have perfect knowledge(吾唯知足)and do not need materials or external objects to be satisfied.
According to tradition, the Matireya Bodhisattva will return to the Saba(secular) world 5 670 000 000 years after the death of the Shakyamuni Buddha. He will attain Buddhahood under the Naga-puspa(dragon-flower) tree in a lotus garden(華林園) and will save all sentient beings with 3 Dharma Talks. The Maitreya Bodhisattva is the epitomy of compassion in Mahayana Buddhism and was the one predicted to be the future Buddha by the Shakyamuni Buddha himself.
The Maitreya Bodhisattva represents a very important figure in Buddhism. It is believed that if one dilligently cultivates one’s virtues in this lifetime, one will be reborn into Tusita Heaven where he/she will meet the Maitreya Bodhisattva. Furthermore he/she will also be present at the Maitreya Bodhisattva’s first Dharma Talk after his enlightenment and attain enlightenment himself. Hence the tradition of worshipping the Maitreya, Amitab ha and Avalokitesvara Bodhisattvas remains strong among the Buddhist populace even today.

Manjusuri, Bodhisattva of Wisdom


Manjusuri, Bodhisattva of Wisdom  

Manjusri (Ch: 文殊 Wénshū or 文殊師利菩薩 Wénshūshili Púsà; Jp: Monju; Tib: Jampelyang; Nepalese: मंजुश्री Manjushree) is a bodhisattva (emanating enlightened being) in the Mahayana and Vajrayana traditions of Buddhism. Manjusri is the bodhisattva associated with wisdom, doctrine and awareness and in Vajrayana Buddhism is the meditational deity (yidam), who embodies enlightened wisdom. Historically, the Mahayana Buddhist scriptures assert that Manjusri was a disciple of Gautama Buddha, although he has no mention in Pali scriptures.