Avalokitesvara


Avalokitesvara  

Sanskrit: अवलोकितेश्वर (Avalokiteśvara)

 

Burmese: လောကနတ် (lo:ka. na’) or လောကနာထ (lo: ka .na hta.)

 

Bengali: অবলোকিতেশ্বর

 

Chinese: 觀世音 (guānshìyīn) or 觀音 (guānyīn)

 

Japanese: 観世音2 (kanzeon) or 観音 (kannon)

 

Thai: อวโลกิเตศวร (Avalokitesuarn), เจ้าแม่กวนอิม (Chao mae Kuan Im)(Meaning : Great Mother Kuan Im)

 

Tibetan:  སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས་ (spyan-ras-gzigs; chenrezig, chenrezi)

 

Korean: 관세음보살 (gwanseeum bosal)

 

Vietnamese: Quan Thế Âm

Ksitigarbha


Ksitigarbha  

Sanskrit: Kṣitigarbha অবলোকিতেশ্বর
Chinese: TC: 地藏菩薩, 地藏王菩薩
SC: 地藏菩萨, 地藏王菩萨
Pinyin: Dìzàng Púsà, Dìzàng Wáng Púsà
Wade-Giles: Ti Tsang, Ti Tsang Wang Pu Sa

Japanese: 地蔵 Jizō, 地蔵菩薩 Jizō Bosatsu, 地蔵王菩薩 Jizōō Bosatsu
Tibetan: Sai Nyingpo
Korean: 지장, 지장보살, ji jang, ji jang bosal
Vietnamese: Địa Tạng Vương
Kṣitigarbha is a bodhisattva primarily revered in East Asian Buddhism, usually depicted as a Buddhist monk in the Orient. The name may be translated as “Earth Treasury”, “Earth Store”, “Earth Matrix”, or “Earth Womb.” Kṣitigarbha is known for his vow not to achieve Buddhahood until all hells are emptied; therefore, he is regarded as the bodhisattva of hell beings. Usually depicted as a monk with a nimbus around his shaved head, he carries a staff to force open the gates of hell and a wish-fulfilling jewel to light up the darkness.

Bronze Maitreya Bodhisattva Bangasayusang


Bronze Maitreya Bodhisattva Bangasayusang  

Korea’s Gilt Bronze Maitreya Bodhisattva Bangasayusang

Classification
National Treasures 83
Name of Cultural Properties
Geumdongmireukbosalbangasang
(Gilt-bronze maitreya in meditation)
Address
Buyeo National Museum. San16-1, Dongnam-ri, Buyeo-eup, Buyeo-gun, Chungcheongnam-do. S.KOREA
Age
Three Kingdoms Period

A Bodhisattva is the symbol of compassion who seeks enlightenment while also trying to save all sentient beings by spreading the Buddha’s teachings. The Maitreya Bodhisattva is also referred to as the Ilsaengpoch’ (一生補處; Eka-jati-prati-baddha) Bodhisattva, meaning that the Matireya Bodhisattva will be the next Buddha after the Shakyamuni Buddha.
According to the Mirukhasaengkyong sutra(彌勒下生經) and the Kwanmirukposal Sangsaengtosolch’onkyong sutra(觀彌勒菩薩 上生兜率天經), the Maitreya Bodhisattva was born in Varanasi in southern India to a Brahman family. He received the teachings from the Shakyamuni Buddha who predicted that he would become the next Buddha. The Maitreya Bodhisattva then ascended to Tusita Heaven where he now teaches the Dharma to the Gods residing there. Tusita Heaven refers to a heaven of full knowledge and satisfaction, where no greed or worldly desires exist. The Gods there have perfect knowledge(吾唯知足)and do not need materials or external objects to be satisfied.
According to tradition, the Matireya Bodhisattva will return to the Saba(secular) world 5 670 000 000 years after the death of the Shakyamuni Buddha. He will attain Buddhahood under the Naga-puspa(dragon-flower) tree in a lotus garden(華林園) and will save all sentient beings with 3 Dharma Talks. The Maitreya Bodhisattva is the epitomy of compassion in Mahayana Buddhism and was the one predicted to be the future Buddha by the Shakyamuni Buddha himself.
The Maitreya Bodhisattva represents a very important figure in Buddhism. It is believed that if one dilligently cultivates one’s virtues in this lifetime, one will be reborn into Tusita Heaven where he/she will meet the Maitreya Bodhisattva. Furthermore he/she will also be present at the Maitreya Bodhisattva’s first Dharma Talk after his enlightenment and attain enlightenment himself. Hence the tradition of worshipping the Maitreya, Amitab ha and Avalokitesvara Bodhisattvas remains strong among the Buddhist populace even today.

Manjusuri, Bodhisattva of Wisdom


Manjusuri, Bodhisattva of Wisdom  

Manjusri (Ch: 文殊 Wénshū or 文殊師利菩薩 Wénshūshili Púsà; Jp: Monju; Tib: Jampelyang; Nepalese: मंजुश्री Manjushree) is a bodhisattva (emanating enlightened being) in the Mahayana and Vajrayana traditions of Buddhism. Manjusri is the bodhisattva associated with wisdom, doctrine and awareness and in Vajrayana Buddhism is the meditational deity (yidam), who embodies enlightened wisdom. Historically, the Mahayana Buddhist scriptures assert that Manjusri was a disciple of Gautama Buddha, although he has no mention in Pali scriptures.

Bodhisattva


Bodhisattva  

In Buddhism, a bodhisattva (Sanskrit: बोधिसत्त्व, bodhisattva; Bengali: বোধিসত্ত্ব, Bodhishotto, Tibetan: བྱང་ཆུབ་སེམས་དཔའ་; Wylie: byang chub sems dpa; Burmese: ဗောဓိသတ် Bawdithat, Vietnamese: Bồ Tát; Pali: बोधिसत्त, bodhisatta; Thai: โพธิสัตว์, phothisat; Japanese: 菩薩, Korean: 보살(bosal), satsu; simplified Chinese: 菩萨; traditional Chinese: 菩薩; pinyin: púsà) means either “enlightened (bodhi) existence (sattva)” or “enlightenment-being” or, given the variant Sanskrit spelling satva rather than sattva, “heroic-minded one (satva) for enlightenment (bodhi).” Another translation is “Wisdom-Being.”[1] It is the name given to anyone who, motivated by great compassion, has generated bodhichitta, which is a spontaneous wish to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all living beings.